Cross - a cross-country running.First, this kind of sport called « cross -kantri» (cross-country), and is to overcome long distances outdoors.«Cross sountry" translates to English as "cross the countryside."There are sources that indicate that the first competition cross have conducted more than 150 years ago.The sport originated in England and was very popular.Athletes had to run with a variety of ups and downs and overcome obstacles: fence, wooden bridge over the creek ravine.Accessibility and ease of competition made cross -kantri very popular.The first international tournament was held in Scotland in 1903.And in 1912 cross was included in the Olympic program.But a negative attitude on the part of officials of the International Athletics Federation has le
d to the exclusion of the sport of international competition already in 1924.Fortunately, this does not diminish the popularity of cross ovogo running.An increasing number of runners left on distance.After cross - it is an opportunity to test their strength, to feel like a member of a large family of sports and spend time with benefit and pleasure.The almost complete absence of rules suggests cross one of the most democratic sport, and makes a run for the open area is very affordable.The International Association of Athletics only gives some guidelines in the organization of cross-country trails.The hills and slopes should be as gentle.Difficulties, such as gullies and swamps, all excluded.The main thing is to run held on the open ground, not on asphalt tracks.In addition, clearly defined distance for different categories of runners.Depending on the age or gender, you have to run a distance of 12, 8, 6 or 4 kilometra.Segodnya, with the development of various modes of transport, there were sports such as Moto Cross , led cross , cars cross .They imply the competitions on cross-country with the natural topography.The very original name of « cross -kantri" formalized for a type of cycling.Moreover, this kind of mountain biking in 1996 officially included in the Olympic program.But the option is still running never returned.However, in 1973 the IAAF competitions on the newly assigned cross have international status, and this year held the official world championship.Gradually democratic jogging outdoors has led to the separation of "Cross of nations" into two categories.First - it is a professional, here is a very small number of athletes.The second category - a massive competition, which can participate anyone.In 2004, Russia joined the international cross ovomu movement.All-Russian Day Run for the first time received a second name - "Cross of Nations."The Russians have joined the many millions of fans running all over the world.Competitions "Cross of Nations" held annually in many cities of Russia.And the number of seats is increased each time.