# Tip 1: How to calculate the number of spotlights

If you want to use for lighting apartment or house spotlights are kindly asked to consider some of the nuances.The required amount of lamps - this is one of the first questions that may arise.To solve this problem we must take into account many factors: the floor area, height ceilings, the degree of natural light, the presence of other light sources and so on.
you need
• - Floor Plan;
• - Roulette;
• - Calculator.
Guide
1
Measure the area of ​​the room in which you need to install light fixtures.
2
number of fixtures per 1 sq.m. area depends primarily on the power of the lamps.If the lamps in fixtures have a capacity of about 35 watts, you must install a light 1.5 sq.m. There is a rule that is distributed lighting: each 1 sq.m. The area to be illuminated 20 W.
3
If the downlights to be installed in addition to the main lighting, for example, a chandelier, it is possible to reduce the number or place in a certain area to illuminate.
4
minimum distance between the spotligh
ts should be about 30 cm. And the angle of the wall to the lamp - about 20 cm.

# Tip 2: How to change a light bulb in the spotlights

nothing eternal does not happen.That light bulbs have a lifespan, and then burn out.And if the host and hostess often, a good idea of ​​how to change a light bulb in conventional ceiling chandelier, then, if necessary, replace the light bulb in the lamp dot often there is some confusion: what is necessary to do otherwise.
you need
• bulb of the same shape and the same size of the cap, which burned.
Guide
1
Turn off the electricity in the room where the light from the point requiring replacement bulb - a prerequisite, by doing that, you will protect yourself from electrical shock.Shutdown is possible to produce by turning off the circuit breaker toggle switch located in the switchboard.If you are not sure which of the tumblers is responsible for the outage was in the desired room, you can determine this by experience, including on and off alternately - so, savers and turn on the lights in a particular room, you define the desired switch.
2
Remove the blown bulb of spotlights, making a counter-clockwise motion.Try to do it carefully, without damaging the bulb itself.Otherwise, you can get hurt on the surface.
3
Keep ready whole bulb , you are going to replace the burned-screw.If you do not know in advance what the parameters of the new light bulbs you need, after unscrewing a light bulb, you should take with you for example when making a purchase of a new bulb in the store.
4
Screw the new bulb whole in down light, making motion clockwise.Do this carefully, not spinning bulb too tight at the bottom.
5
including disabling your previous electricity in the room, which should replace the bulb , returned to the place of the toggle circuit breaker.Close the switchboard.
6
Try whether you have made the replacement bulb in point lamp , moving the lever to switch to "on.".When you turn should not be placed directly under the spotlights, as in the case of a possible manufacturing defect (can not be completely ruled out such a possibility), you screwed the bulb, it can fly apart into pieces and injure you.
Note
before replacing bulbs wait until the complete cooling.
Helpful Hint
you do not decide on such actions on their own, it is better to invite a professional - an electrician, who by virtue of their profession is able to replace the bulbs.

# Tip 3: How to connect spotlights

Spot lights or as they are called, built-in fixtures allow uniformly illuminate the room, as well as to create different effects, playing characteristics of the premises.Their installation - this is the final stage of repair and decoration.Embed fixtures can be suspended only in the design, most often in the plasterboard ceiling, as well as decorative panels and panel furniture for its illumination.
Guide
1
to lay cables in the ceiling must be even before the building will be sheathed.Immediately determine the location for the lamps to the place of their attachment was laid metal profile.For individual lighting zones better display autonomous from other circuits.This will adjust the level of room lighting in the future.If you use halogen lamps of the first class, you will need grounding.
2
then is to determine the sources of light.This may be a halogen lamp 220 V incandescent and 220 V halogen lamps 12 V. In the first case, you will need terminal blocks, the second - the cartridges, and the third - the terminal blocks and transformer with a 220 V to 12 V output.
3
Mark the ceiling.Take the circular saw and find a suitable size crown, cut a round hole in the ceiling with a diameter slightly larger body of the luminaire.We will block it halogen, incandescent lamps - the maximum diameter of the bulb and socket.Cut a hole can be a conventional drills, a circular saw, or in extreme cases by hand hacksaw on wood.
4
Before connecting fixtures, bran access to electricity by turning off the circuit breaker.
5
to lamp held in the ceiling, it must be installed spring tabs that after insertion into the hole tightly pressed to the ceiling fixture.Galogenok pads usually are equipped with clamping devices.The filament lamp holder is necessary to equip them in advance.
6
connection.To connect to the lamp 220 through the transformer connection is not required.Galogenki 12 V need it.First, the circuit connected to the transformer, and only to him at a distance of not less than 20 cm attach the terminal block, and this block the light source itself.
7
To fix the halogen lamps, turn the cartridge is inserted into the socket ¼ turn, and then insert the retaining ring.Turn on the light and check the lamp.
8
to secure the filament lamp in the ceiling connect wires to the cartridge, screw the bulb, check the operation, turn on the light, and then insert the cartridge into the opening by pushing upward.Spring holders firmly fix the unit.
Sources:
• connecting the down light

# Tip 4: How to choose a lamp to stretch ceilings

No wonder the recent demand began to use wide ceilings.After all, with their help, you can hide many flaws, but other than that they allow you to create original, solid structures.To highlight the beautiful design of the ceiling, it is necessary to choose the right lighting to it.
you need
• - brochures;
• - cash.
Guide
1
First of all, choose a design of the ceiling.Decide whether it will be one-level or will have a custom look.For a classic stretch ceiling, depending on its quality, you can choose a chandelier Kryukov, but with the condition that its ceiling will be at a distance of about 30 cm from the surface of the stretched canvas, or will be directed downward.So, to suit the glossy stretch ceilings chandelier with a multitude of small lamps (visually increase the number of light sources, by reflecting them from the film).For the matte finish you can choose any chandelier, from classical to avant-garde.
2
deciding to establish a multi-level suspended ceiling, please note that the single room lighting chandeliers may not be enough, so it is best to use a chiseled fixtures .Their range in today's market is large enough.In the selection of lamps, keep in mind that they are different heights and a cartridge type of lighting element.
3
selected for installing halogen lamps , you run the risk of large swings illumination.Therefore, they are best used to highlight certain areas.If you want to use spot lighting at basic coverage - look for appliances with energy-saving lamps.They give a diffused light and the nature of actions are similar to incandescent lamps.
4
Remember that for suspended ceilings are not suitable lighting, which strongly heated film around itself, as under the influence of high temperature, it can be stretched, and the ceiling will lose its original shape and weld.Therefore choose lamps with a housing that is easy to isolate or to the substrate made of a material with poor thermal conductivity.
Note
Do not forget to take into account the size of the mounting fixture.It is necessary to match the inner diameter of the platform.Too much light will not fit in the mounting hole, if on the contrary - it will not hold.
Helpful Hint
Think about lighting ceilings (as lamps must be where they are positioned, etc.).This must be done before the start of installation work as lighting fixtures mounted on the main ceiling.
Sources:
• some chandelier come to Stretch ceilings

# Tip 5: How to choose a spot light

use of point light sources makes it possible to create in the interior space defined lighting effects, enhance the most interesting and importantspace in the apartment.Spot lights , usually used in conjunction with a central chandelier or lamp.Choosing the right spotlights depends on the characteristics of the interior of your apartment and taste preferences.
Guide
1
housing spotlights can be made of different materials: glass, metal, plastic.The finishes can be made of polished and brushed brass, chrome, etc.Choosing a particular fixture, you can stop at one of the various forms and choose the appropriate style decision.
2
Structurally point lamps are divided into rotary and toggling.When selecting proceed from the fact whether it is important for you to change the direction of light or the light will fall in a fixed direction.
3
Lamp size is largely determined by the type of lamps used in them.In the case of conventional incandescent lamp will be about the size of 10 cm, and the use of halogen lamps sizes are two to three times lower.Note that more compact fixtures will cost more.
4
Spot Lamp conventional incandescent lamps can be open or closed casing.The casing protects against dust and condensate can therefore be used in a bathroom.When selecting spots for bathroom facilities should be aware that there are lamps with varying degrees of protection from moisture.
5
luminaires with halogen lamps typically have a reflector that performs the function of increasing the brightness.Angle of dispersion of the reflector ranges from 8 to 60 degrees.
6
If you decide to use point fixtures with halogen lamps, designed for 12 V, you have to install transformers.This is justified, since the service life of these lamps is much larger and will have to change them frequently.
7
Choosing spotlights also pay attention to its versatility, practicality, quality manufacturing and the lack of visible marriage.
Note
Spotlights are widely used: they can be found in the kitchen or in the office, or in a more original areas, such as exhibitions, museums and art galleries.In trade spotlights play a key role: the more interesting will be covered shelves, display cases and stands, the more they will attract attention to the product itself, which is in this light looks compelling.
Helpful Hint
The interior spot lighting in combination with a central lamp or chandelier is used more often.You can easily use them to create any light and color effects, and focus on individual elements of the room.How to choose a spot lamp?For a start it is worth noting that these lights are built into false ceilings - modular, rack and ceilings.Perhaps their use in stretch ceilings.
Sources:
• How to choose spotlights

# Tip 6: How to replace the lamp Spot

Conduct lighting in the house - it's half the battle, we must be able to cope with the new technology.For example, it is important to properly and in a timely manner to change the light bulb, and if the customary fixtures not cause, as a rule, difficulties, from the point you have to "tinker»
you need
• Bzolyatsionnaya tapewire cutters to remove the insulation tester, a drill with a long drill for concrete, crimping pliers or conventional pliers
Guide
1
first unplug the line to which the lamp is connected and, for greater reliability, check the line of special tester.Then dismantle the junction box and disconnect the wires.Old lamp can be removed.
2
At the time of installing the new lamp to be assembled without bulbs.If necessary, prepare the wire harness and lamp to the mix.Then open the junction box and connect the wires to each other so that they match each other in color.After connecting the cables make a special crimping pliers and connected by wires, close the protective cap.
3
wires lay neatly in the box and set it on the cover.Construction assembly can begin to install the lights.At the same time remember that it is prohibited to install the lamp fixtures , capacity of which is greater than indicated on the bulb.
4
When changing the burnt-out bulb, screw in its place the exact same or less power.The process of replacing the lamp voltage connection.
5
Installation of suspended ceilings in the apartment of a change of spotlights will have its own characteristics.
• - pencil;
• - Screwdriver;
• - pencil;
• - Screwdriver;

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