«White Swan", "black eagle»


Passion of hardened criminals to "tear" the romance has long been known.One of its manifestations can be considered and informal, "people" names given to the most stringent, if not cruel, institutions of the Russian prison system - colonies of special regime "Black Dolphin" Sol-Iletsk near Orenburg, "Black eagle" in Ivdel Sverdlovsk regionand "White Swan" in Solikamsk, Perm region.

last of them came into being in January 1938 as the camp commandant point Usolsk correctional labor camp NKVD a transit point, becoming part of a huge Soviet gulag.And over time, i
t transformed into a big prison mainly for political prisoners and clergy.One of the most famous prisoners of the future "White Swan" was deported to the USSR in 1941, Riga theology professor and former Minister of Education of Latvia Ludwig Adamovich.In the same prison Adamovich two years and shot.

Political Solikamsk prison ceased to be after the death of Stalin in 1955.Everyone convicted of Article 58 then transferred to Mordovia, and the "White Swan" began to direct most dangerous criminals, repeat offenders from across the country.In 1980, the prison was divided into two parts - transit transit point and the so-called CEPT (Common cell-type premises), which contained the violators regime and "thieves in law".

In the center of Solikamsk


In 1999, on the basis of the CEPT established quickly became famous VC-240/2 or IR-2 Penitentiary Service of Russia, which has since kept the criminals sentenced to life in prison and have no chance to escape to freedom.She - the infamous "White Swan."Curiously, they build a prison at the time outside the city, but for more than 70 years it has gradually moved to the center of Solikamsk.After becoming, along with a nearby colony of strict regime, one of the city's main attractions.

pride of the employees of the "White Swan" is the fact that its history was made only one attempt to escape, and then failed.In 1992, CEPT concluded Taranyuk saffron and managed to get a few grenades, which broke into the office of the chief of the colony and demanded Myakisheva machine with the ability to travel freely.The conversation was brief - just a few minutes Taranyuk was shot and Shafranov, that when a grenade tore off his feet, seized and later sentenced to death.But the most interesting in the whole story is that after five years of a death sentence Shafranov was replaced by 12 years in prison, and he was able to be released, later becoming an evangelical preacher.

Swansong thieves


There are many versions as to why even a common symbol and the name of one of the worst prisons in the country has become a beautiful and proud white bird.So unlike the striped uniform of prisoners in it of criminals who had killed many people.Figures and images of the white swan in the prison literally everywhere - on the roof and the walls, in the form of a monument in the prison yard, and even souvenirs in a nearby store.

The basic version of the four considered.
1. Solikamsk prison was the last refuge of life for many people, "thieves in law".In it, they lost their privileges, and saying goodbye to life, sang a sort of swan song of loneliness and longing.
2. The prison was constructed in a forest glade called "White Swan."
3. The building is constructed of white brick and inner tracks resemble the outline of a swan.
4. Pose "Swan" (tilt up to 90 degrees and closed hands behind his back) - the only way to move the prisoners on the territory outside the chamber.

Maniacs and deputies


said that the number of so-called seats in prison is about 500, but it is filled to 60%.However, in the chambers of the murderers and maniacs is not sitting on one, both in prisons under the tsarist regime, and in two or three.And neighbors prisoners selected on the advice of the prison psychologist.Known even almost phantasmagoric case when samples Solikamsk about six months Chechen terrorist Salman Raduyev settled with the former enemy in war - Special Forces officer.And not only do they even came to blows, but also very peacefully talking.Up until a former employee of the Chechen-Ingush Republican Komsomol Committee and a member of the Communist Party Raduyev he died in the prison hospital of natural causes.By the way, people in the know also claim that the average time that a normal person could survive in such a conclusion is only seven years old.

former field commander Salman Raduyev - not the only prisoner of the "White Swan", whose name is known and remembered by many and outside its walls.It was here that he died a famous crime boss named Bob Diamond (Grandmother).A current list of particularly dangerous contingent included former Moscow lawyer Dmitry Vinogradov, who shot his colleagues in the office of one of the pharmacy departments;former member of the Federation Council from Bashkortostan Igor Izmest'ev;a former aide to St. Petersburg Mayor Anatoly Sobchak, and member of the Legislative Assembly of the city, and elected him during his stay in the detention center Yuri Shutov;one of the country's first "black realtors", nicknamed "The orderly Yeltsin" Alexander Murylev;"Kamensky Chikatilo" Roman Burtsev;the organizers of the 1999 bombings in residential buildings in Moscow and Volgodonsk, with hundreds of victims and Yusuf Adam Dekkushev Krymshamkhalov.