surest way to navigate the unfamiliar terrain to find the sky is the polar star.Of course, it is understood that in the street the night, and the sky above is clear.How to find this same star?Very simple!To begin with we find the characteristic outline of the "Big Dipper", also called popularly bucket.Now mentally connect the two stars at the end of our "bucket" straight line.Using imagination, "hold" on the line and measure out her five more of the same distance as between the two stars.Here we find the North Star, which, if you stand to face her always points to the north!Next trick: back south, west to the left and of the right of the East.
What to do during the day?In the afternoon we will be guided by the sun.At noon, the sun at its zenith and points south.Sunrise is always in the east, and the sunset in the west, respectively.But there is another way to determine the cardinal points of the sun.For this you need the conventional wristwatch.Point the hour hand to the small hours in the sun.The smaller arrow between this sector and 12 hours divide into 2 parts.Mentally draw a line that tells you where the south.
Another way to determine the direction it is to look closely at the trees.Note that one side of the tree is almost always has a greater number of branches, and branches that side longer.All living reaches for the light and the sun.Long branches point to the south.Moss, on the contrary, hiding from the sun, so mainly grows on the north side of the opposite.And if you find a stump, with well allocated annual rings, then pay attention to their width.On the south side of the distance between them is greater.Birch bark on the north side is darker than the south.
How to determine the cardinal points without a compass
Cardinal can be identified by the shape of an ordinary anthill.Like all insects are ants need warmth, so the side of the anthill, facing south flatter.But on the north side of the anthill is usually located wood or stone, which protect the colony from the cold.