Guide
1
One method of producing vinegar is the oxidation of the element - ethanal (acetaldehyde).The reaction proceeds as follows: 2SN3SON + O2 = 2SN3SOONDlya the transaction you need a catalyst - a manganese salt.The reaction takes place at elevated temperature (about sixty degrees).
2
This method is rapidly replacing other, more profitable from an economic point of view - the reaction of methanol with carbon monoxide.The reaction mechanism is as follows: CH 3 OH + CO = SN3SOONDostoinstvo of this method is the high reaction rate and most higher product y
ield, lack of - is the need to use very expensive catalysts (based on rhodium and iridium), which are not accessible to all because of its high price level.
3
For vinegar, you can also use the method that has been known since ancient times - the so-called "acetic fermentation" fluids containing alcohol, under the influence of a particular enzyme called alcohol oxidase.In fact, the production of a biochemical method, which proceeds in several steps through the formation of intermediate products.In simplified form, it can be represented as follows: C2H5OH + O2 = CH3COOH + N2O
4
There is also a method for producing vinegar by the distillation of the fine wood.The raw material for this are the waste wood processing, it is desirable to use hardwoods as waste conifers contain a lot of resin.