Tip 1: How to make the stove for home

masonry oven - a complicated matter.Before you engage in masonry oven, you need to collect all the necessary information about the matter.Masonry is made of red brick.It must be properly burned.Fired brick well split, teshetsya and fall breaks into large pieces.If the unburned brick, it has a pale pink color.In the fall it shatters into small pieces.It is necessary to be reserved by the tool and the other building materials.
Guide
1
Note that when laying need to make a seam as thin as possible.It should be no more than 5 millimeters.In this seam needs to be done to unravel centimeter.Does she have the edge Trimming brick.Prohibited use in laying ordinary clay from the site.The clay can be bought everywhere, but it is difficult to choose the right.The fact that the clay is different fat content, therefore making the ratio sand-clay can only specialist.Firebox lining and floors are made of refractory bricks.If the furnace will be brown coal, it is necessary to use a refractory brick.
2
It is not recommended to put the stove and chimney silicate brick.It should only be used for the laying of the pipe, which is located above the roof.Laying is performed with a thin and full seam.Seams masonry red brick should not exceed the width of 5 millimeters.If the clutch is made refractory bricks, the seam should have a width of 3 millimeters.The vertical seam of each horizontal row of brick masonry must cover overlying series.Ligation to do about half the brick.If desired, the bandage can make a quarter brick.In rare cases, a vertical seam can not overlap, but this is possible only at a height of two rows of masonry.When fire cutting device, pay close attention to the ligation of vertical joints.Vaults should be put on the prepared formwork.They should not have a through-rings.The seam masonry arch must not exceed 3 millimeters.

Tip 2: How to build a brick oven

Quite a lot of people engaged in the construction of the furnace yourself.The point is not so complicated as it might seem at first glance, however, it requires special attention.Before resolved to build the stove, even the simplest, be sure to read the fire safety rules.
How to build a brick oven
Guide
1
Note that between the wall and the brick oven need to leave a distance of 40 centimeters.Metal furnace which then obkladyvaetsya brick should be 60 inches from the wall.If a wooden house or other flammable structures available protection against fire, the distance can be made smaller.
2
For the construction of the furnace is best to use an ordinary red brick that has a size 250h120h65 millimeters.It should have the correct shape, straight edges and corners.It is also necessary to pay attention to the presence of various defects and cracks.The most commonly used brand brick 75-150 with a mass of about 3.8 kg, and the density of 1700-1850 kg / m3.If the material is well burnt, when tapped, will emit a ringing sound.It is forbidden to use masonry stoves pale brick.It usually has a pale pink color, and when tapped produces a hollow sound.
3
masonry oven must be carried out on glinopeschanom solution and plastering normally do on clay-lime-and-sand mixture, in a ratio of 1: 1: 4.In order to prepare a clay-sand mortar, it is necessary to begin to prepare all the necessary materials.Use only dry, grainy sand.It must be pre-sieved through a sieve which has a cell size 1,5h1,5 millimeters.It is not recommended to take the solution and silty fine sand.
4
Cooking clay-sand mortar should be carefully.It was on its quality depends directly on the strength of masonry.A good mix contributes to the long-term operation of the furnace.Before you lay out the oven, you need to put each brick a number of "dry", with the pick the same height and length of the bricks.The result should be a uniform thickness of the seams.Laying each row start in the corner bricks.After a series of stacked, you need to check it out horizontally.If the series is made masonry stove, it is necessary to carry out the dressing of bricks.
Sources:
  • oven with his own hands

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