Tip 1: How to melt the stove

brick oven in the house is a source of soft radiant heat, which is so necessary during the cold season.During the heating period, it must burn constantly - 1-2 times a day to an array of the furnace does not supercool.But what if the oven is in the country, wherever you go and see the winter in the best case on the weekend or Christmas holidays?It is necessary to pre-prepare it for winter operation, take care of the procurement and storage of firewood.But the main thing - to know how to break the stove .
Guide
1
At the end of the summer season, inspect the stove and the chimney for cracks and crevices between the bricks.If whitewashed stove, they are very easy to identify in the footsteps of soot on the whitewash.Small cracks seal the clay mortar, clay seal the large gap with the addition of crushed stone.Thoroughly clean the stove and the flue ash and soot.Do not leave the valve closed if they freeze, then when you open them, you risk jam or break.
2
zagotovte firewood in advance.Prefe
rred deciduous trees - birch, oak, aspen.Put them in a well-protected from rain and snow and dry place for 1-2 years.If you use the stove raw wood, a substantial part of the heat (30 to 50%) will be spent on evaporation of the liquid and the lost, and the condensate will begin to break down the chimney.Pinned logs into pieces about the same size (thickness 5-10 cm, length 5-10 cm smaller than the firebox of the furnace).Keep the wood in the house for 2 days firebox to have time to evaporate the residual moisture.
3
melting stove after a long break, first warm up the chimney to restore traction.If this is not done, because of the traffic jams in the cold air pipe smoke goes out and into the room.Open the damper and ash-pit door.Twist the tube a few sheets of paper and stick one set fire inside the chimney through the cleanout door or opening the valve.The appearance of buzz in the pipe will mean that the cork pushed and thrust restored.Do not forget to close the cleanout door.
4
Put crumpled newspaper in the grate, bark, small twigs and wood chips, small wood and then on top of them - larger.Do not put the logs close to each other and leave a gap of 10-15 cm between the top row of wood and ceiling of the firebox of the furnace.Make sure that the valve is fully open, and the ash-pit door ajar.Light the paper and close the furnace door.Once the wood is burning well, cover the ash-pit door, leaving a small gap for air access.
5
to wood burned evenly, stir 2-3 times during their poker furnace.Do not open the door of the combustion too often, as this leads to a strong cooling of the furnace.As soon as the first tab of wood burned to large coal, make a new one.When burned, and she spread the coals evenly on the grate and cover flap 2/3, so that the heat does not go into the pipe.Do not cover it completely, as it can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning.Close the damper can be 10-15 minutes after the coals darken, flecked with ash and blue flames over them disappear.

Tip 2: How to use the stove

It would seem that could be easier than the oven to melt?However, there are recommendations that will get the maximum efficiency from the oven, and enjoy pleasant moments at home.
If the fire is lit without cod and buzz, then you
Guide
1
success kindling furnace depends on many factors: the structure itself, the location of the furnace, fuel type and quantity, as well as a simple skill.
2
So, before you put the wood in the firebox, you must first clean the grate grate and ash pan ash to the air acted uniformly to all burning firewood.This is done by raking out the ashes from the ash poker.Sami wood must be completely dry, the same diameter of 8-10 cm. It is best to use stove heating birch or oak wood.Put them in the firebox so that between the ceiling of the firebox and wood left by the space of at least 20 cm. To the firebox is not cooled lays all the wood immediately before ignition to not constantly open the door of the firebox.
3
Ignition of firewood in the stove in any case can not be done using flammable liquids.This can deform the furnace.Take the birch bark, kindling or paper, ignite and put it under the wood.
4
course, light the stove can only be the fuel that provides stovemaker.That is, if it is not provided kindling coal, then in any case it is impossible to sink carbon.Therefore it is better initially to build or select the oven, which can operate on different types of solid fuel.The most effective is anthracite.During the combustion of a kilogram of fuel releases 7200 Kcal.Coal 7000 kcal, lignite and peat briquette - 4000-4500 kcal, sod peat - 3000 and the wood all emit less heat - 2800-3000 kcal per kilogram.But the wood the most environmentally friendly fuel.In addition, it depends on the degree of heat drying.Dry wood can give up to 4,500 Kcal, while 50% wood moisture only 2000 kcal.
5
If you drown charcoal, keep in mind that heat coal dust is not less than the major kuskov¸ so its load in the firebox 1-2 package with large chunks of coal.If all the coal is very small, melt furnace as follows: Replace the grate a broad segment of tin pipes.At the bottom of the short put wood on top - pieces of coal, and around the pipe tamp wet fine coal.Then gently remove the tube and the furnace is flooded.
6
Regardless of the type of fuel, it is necessary to regulate the flow of oxygen through the ash pit in the firebox, and the witch in the pipe by means of the dampers.When the furnace is melted, damper and ash pit open.If the wood is well flared up, the blower door left slightly open so that air flows are not too much, otherwise the heat will fly during kindling.Damper is closed only when the layer of embers will not cease to curl blue flame.This is a sure sign that the health risk is no more carbon monoxide.
Note
oven is not designed for burning household waste.Do not use for kindling dirty paper, milk cartons, cardboard, painted or varnished boards, resinous wood.Soot and combustion products will very quickly build up in the chimney, reducing its section and making it difficult to pull.

brick oven must be heated gradually.This is a fairly lengthy process that can take more than a day.Resist the temptation to drown a little longer to warm the house quickly.With long-term efficiency of the furnace combustion chamber drops sharply, and overheating leads to the formation of cracks in the masonry and wall.Stoke the furnace no more than 1.5-2 hours, making two complete bookmark firewood.To speed up the heating of garden after a long absence, the use of electric heaters.
Helpful Hint
During kindling the stove and watch the fire, listen to him.Yellow, rustling and crackling rhythmic say that the combustion process proceeds normally.The buzz in the firebox, and a very bright color of the flame indicates too much blowing.To reduce it, cover the ash-pit door.Dark, languid, smoky flame, black smoke from the pipe formed by incomplete combustion of wood because of the lack of oxygen.Wider open damper and ash pit.
Sources:
  • Tips stove-maker
  • Shatalov melted the stove he sat

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