terrace and veranda: what's the difference and features
Terrace differs from the veranda, but these concepts are often confused.Terrace is an area that was lifted to a height of 15-50 cm above the ground, having a hard coating.In contrast to the veranda and terrace can be fully opened without the use of windows.Usually, however, satisfied with the roof over her / shelter from the rain or a small fence around the perimeter. veranda or terrace should be carried out in the same architectural style as the apartment building, then together they create a harmonious ensemble.
Veranda - a closed unheated rooms, glazed with 2 or 3 sides.Its basic difference from the terraces is that it almost always is attached to the hous
e.Often it even inserted into the building itself.Lanai is made of the same material as the rest of the house (wood, stone, brick or blocks).
Usually terraces built in areas with warm and dry climate where these buildings can be used for a long period of years, and during a very warm winter.Terrace most adjacent to the house, but in some cases, its build and standing separately at some distance from it.However, even a separate building better connect with the house gallery, which serves as a transition.Terrace can also be stone, wood, brick, block.
summer on the veranda you can live comfortably, but in the winter time to use it instead of the pantry or refrigerator.Veranda usually built on the sunny side of the building - the south, the east or southeast.
Construction stages terraces
first necessary to draft a terrace.It should include not only the functional quality of extension, but its appearance, that is to decorate the building.Already at this stage it is necessary to consider the reliability and durability of the structural elements.You can watch for yourself ready projects terraces or develop its own version.
to build terraces as much as possible in line with the developed project, to choose high-quality material.Also, keep in mind that the future is to have a beautiful terrace and harmonious appearance, combined with the external design of the house.For the construction of terraces optimal use of these types of timber as larch and European oak.Dacha extension may consist not only of the deck, but also to have a railing, which are better suited for soft wood, such as pine.
next step - preparing the foundation.This can be solved in different ways.If you opted for a massive monumental structures, in this case the best solution would be a single foundation for the house and terrace.This type of foundation will help avoid a split and warp terrace, which can occur due to uneven load distribution.So, you do not have then the reason to make costly repairs.Single foundation for terraces along the house.
In addition, the construction of an extension to the cottage is possible to lay and a private foundation.This option is useful if built outdoor terrace if there is a ready home.In this case, you need to consider the depth of groundwater and soil characteristics.It is also possible to build a terrace without foundation.This method is justified only if you have designed a light terrace, which must be placed at ground level.
The next phase - installation of terraces.At this stage it is necessary to orient it in accordance with the parties light.Terrace on the north side will provide coolness in the summer heat, and the south side will allow you to enjoy the warmth of the cool weather.Particular attention should be paid to the production of a pass or shared with the house roof.To provide help and comfort railing and stairs.They definitely need to check for durability.Experts recommend to perform floor terrace at a slight slant to the other side of the apartment building, which will contribute to the outflow of rainwater.
At the initial stage of the construction of the porch split axle construction.Veranda must have a foundation separate from the residential building.To define the axis used roulette stakes and string.It measures the distance from the porch to the house and then hammered pegs.Between the sticks stretched string, which will serve as a reference for the planned foundation.
Further, leveling is performed, which is necessary for laying the foundation.It should be located on the ground level to the floor outbuildings.From this zero will need to perform all the mark.To mark a certain value, using a tape measure from the floor veranda should be postponed until the required value.
Before you begin construction of the veranda, you must define the type of soil, asexactly on it depends the reliability of the entire structure.For example, not uncommon heaving soils (clay, loam, sand).Swelling of such soils can lead to deformation of the veranda.To avoid this, lay the foundation below the freezing of the ground or in malopuchinistye soils.In addition, you may need strengthening expanded clay surface of the earth.
bars in the corners of the porch should be installed with a certain step.Under the columns should dig holes and their bottom laid sand layer.Then lay out the blocks and filled with cement grout.Now you can start the construction of the structure itself.For the construction of verandas best fit frame construction.It is quite easy to install, and you can handle the job yourself.Prefab frame should be collected in a horizontal position, and then set upright.
Making terraces and verandas
Terrace or porch can be in the open or under a roof.If construction glazing, get comfortable rest area.This summer residence building will be protected from rain and wind.Terrace or patio can be decorated with ornamental plants in ceramic pots.They do not have to close your garden views, their task - to create additional comfort.It is also filled with a sense of peace and comfort wicker furniture made of twigs and comfortable pillows on the chairs. interesting solution for the decoration of the terrace can be a small fountain, which is better positioned in the center of the room.
In general, construction and decoration and construction of veranda or terrace fully depends on your preferences and financial capabilities, as well as on the functional purpose of this space.To choose the right kind of atmosphere and style of decor, you can see pictures of interesting solutions for porches and terraces that can be found on websites devoted to interior design.
Tip 2: How to build a summer terrace
With the construction of the house is better to take into account the presence of a veranda in advance to its base is integral with the base structure.However, even if the house was built without a veranda, you can attach a mechanical or along the main facade of the house.
- - brick
- - sand
- - gravel
- - bitumen
- - concrete
- - board
- - wooden beams
- - roofing material
- - staples
- - wooden spikes
serve as a support for the frame of the brick pier foundation.Mark the place of the future location of the foundation piles under each corner studs.At considerable length verandah add 1-2 intermediate poles.Dig a pit depth of 1m.The bottom 20 cm filled with sand.If the soil is sandy, 10cm deepening pour gravel or gravel and spill hot bitumen.
Make a 15cm thick concrete base.The upper section while it should be strictly horizontal.When the concrete hardens, lay foundation brick pillar.Make it such a height that the floor veranda was at 0.3 m below the floor level of your home.So the roof extension will be under the eaves of the house.
ready pillars Now spread bitumen and lay the inner cavity of gravel or broken brick.Arrange Zabirko of wood, brick or plate materials between the pole.Its outer surface must be mono-pattern.
For the construction of the frame, use the logs with a diameter up to 12cm or bars with a cross section 12h8sm, 10h10mm.Place the pillars on the sill.Make it a double, slamming logs, which will lay the floor.Also waistrail embed racks on the thorns.Fasten with nails and spikes strengthen each with two brackets.
racks set on the top rail, the rafters.Connect the upper end of the rafters to Run (horizontal beam), passing under the roof slope and pre-connected with studs.To connect using anchor bolts.The beams, which are based on the rafters, must be firmly attached to the wall and placed at a distance under the overhang of the roof at home to her tightly stykovyvalas roof of the veranda.
veranda roof makes, usually pent or flatter than the roof of the house.Lay her crate of edging boards horizontally stacked or closely spaced, depending on the roofing material.Attach the flooring to the boards, pushing it in their nail heads.Roll materials fix rails.Fold 10cm material under the lower edge of the roof and secure the crate Tolev nails.
When the device single plank floor wooden boards on the joists, embedded between the crowns of the sill.Antiseptic and cover with paint floorboards and joists.
- veranda balcony
- decorations porch with his hands