Tip 1: How to choose a spot light

use of point sources of light to create a certain space in the interior lighting effects, enhance the most interesting and important places in the apartment.Spot lights , usually used in conjunction with a central chandelier or lamp.Choosing the right spotlights depends on the characteristics of the interior of your apartment and taste preferences.
Guide
1
housing spotlights can be made of different materials: glass, metal, plastic.The finishes can be made of polished and brushed brass, chrome, etc.Choosing a particular fixture, you can stop at one of the various forms and choose the appropriate style decision.
2
Structurally point lamps are divided into rotary and toggling.When selecting proceed from the fact whether it is important for you to change the direction of light or the light will fall in a fixed direction.
3
Lamp size is largely determined by the type of lamps used in them.In the case of conventional incandescent lamp will be about the size of 10 cm, and the use of
halogen lamps sizes are two to three times lower.Note that more compact fixtures will cost more.
4
Spot Lamp conventional incandescent lamps can be open or closed casing.The casing protects against dust and condensate can therefore be used in a bathroom.When selecting spots for bathroom facilities should be aware that there are lamps with varying degrees of protection from moisture.
5
luminaires with halogen lamps typically have a reflector that performs the function of increasing the brightness.Angle of dispersion of the reflector ranges from 8 to 60 degrees.
6
If you decide to use point fixtures with halogen lamps, designed for 12 V, you have to install transformers.This is justified, since the service life of these lamps is much larger and will have to change them frequently.
7
Choosing spotlights also pay attention to its versatility, practicality, quality manufacturing and the lack of visible marriage.

Tip 2: How to calculate the number of spotlights

If you want to use for lighting apartment or house spotlights are kindly asked to consider some of the nuances.The required amount of lamps - this is one of the first questions that may arise.To solve this problem we must take into account many factors: the floor area, height ceilings, the degree of natural light, the presence of other light sources and so on.
How to calculate the number of spotlights
you need
  • - Floor Plan;
  • - Roulette;
  • - Calculator.
Guide
1
Measure the area of ​​the room in which you need to install light fixtures.
2
number of fixtures per 1 sq.m. area depends primarily on the power of the lamps.If the lamps in fixtures have a capacity of about 35 watts, you must install a light 1.5 sq.m. There is a rule that is distributed lighting: each 1 sq.m. The area to be illuminated 20 W.
3
If the downlights to be installed in addition to the main lighting, for example, a chandelier, it is possible to reduce the number or place in a certain area to illuminate.
4
minimum distance between the spotlights should be about 30 cm. And the angle of the wall to the lamp - about 20 cm.
Note
In stores you can find manytypes of spotlights.They differ in the flow direction and the light scattering type.There are spotlights equipped with a turning mechanism by which you can easily adjust the direction of light.You can also find lamps with lamp located outside.They usually have an outer bowl, which allows to increase the angle of dispersion of the luminous flux.Such lamps need less, because they are able to illuminate a large area of ​​the room.
Helpful Hint
Position lights, using a variety of options.The most popular way - is the location of two or more series of the perimeter of the ceiling.You can position the lights in the shape of a circle.

When covering a square room, use the advice of designers and position the spotlights at the corners of an equilateral pentagon.

for uniform illumination of the room, use a method of disposing chess.
Sources:
  • How to calculate the lighting.
  • how to place spotlights
Note
Spotlights are widely used: they can be found in the kitchen or in the office, or in a more original areas, such as exhibitions, museums and artgalleries.In trade spotlights play a key role: the more interesting will be covered shelves, display cases and stands, the more they will attract attention to the product itself, which is in this light looks compelling.
Helpful Hint
The interior spot lighting in combination with a central lamp or chandelier is used more often.You can easily use them to create any light and color effects, and focus on individual elements of the room.How to choose a spot lamp?For a start it is worth noting that these lights are built into false ceilings - modular, rack and ceilings.Perhaps their use in stretch ceilings.
Sources:
  • How to choose spotlights

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