- pigments, solvents, oil, paint, ceramic and glass vessels for mixing
Ware for mixing paints should not be metal, because many pigmentschemically active, they react with the metal surface.For mixing tank should be selected from chemically neutral material.The same applies to the rods, which paint will be stirred.
order to bind the pigment in oil paint, oil is required.The following types of it: flaxseed, walnut, poppy or sesame.It is very rare and special purpose use sunflower or olive oil.Also useful solvents - volatile liquid capable of dissolving the resin plant.
colorant or pigment determines the color of the finished oil paint .Oil and solvent evaporate,
harden, and the paint dries.Pigments affect the ability of the solvent to dry, so different paint dry at different rates.To control this process, requires different oils having a different drying speed.
to make oil paint yourself, you need to take a pigment used for paints certain color and add the oils and solvents.For pigments used various materials, among which are toxic.Natural pigments are very rare and expensive, they are often replaced with the most similar or synthesized.Before mixing the oil paint , should determine the proportion of pigments, solvents and oils.
various artists at the painting wish to obtain their own effects, so add special substances in paints .For example, beeswax helps to ensure that the paint dries to not stratified on the dry and the wet layer and become more elastic.Once the wax gives the paint opacity.Resins allow us to make the surface of the paint layer more smooth and glossy, and the paint itself becomes harder.Turpentine, well purified kerosene and liquefied varnish paint , but dry quickly.
Some colors are not used pure pigments, they added pigment and other components - in order to balance the drying time of the paint with other colors.
At various times, the artists used different solvents and thinners for their colors.When you select additional ingredients are guided by the fact that will help to achieve the desired result.Many of them have experimented since the properties of substances have been poorly understood.The mixing procedure is more or less well established only in the XIX century.At the same time the majority of artists switched to paint purchased.