Tip 1: How to grow hazelnuts

common hazel - bush whose fruit is a nut, often called hazel hazelnut. hazelnuts called a fruit of this plant or garden varieties of hazelnut.This unpretentious culture that can grow on a variety of soils.Garden varieties of hazel are larger and more tasty than forest.They also undemanding to the conditions, so well take root in any area.
Guide
1
amateur gardeners for breeding hazelnut generally use vegetative means, that is, by dividing the bush or layering.
1) During the multiplication of layering hazelnut spring next to the mother bush dig the groove.Annual or biennial escape bend down to the ground, notched on the underside of the shoot bark for better rooting.Sprinkle with groove lowered into her escape with humus ground, with the tops of the shoots to leave 3-4 buds.In the fall, in November, with roots sprout transplant to a permanent place.The first fruits of this event will appear in the sixth year.
2) reproduction by dividing the bush hazelnut bush dig, divide it into several parts an
d transplant to a permanent place.With this method of reproduction of the plant will bear fruit in the third or fourth year.
2
During the multiplication of seeds young plant does not retain all the properties of the parent bush, so this gardening method of reproduction is rarely used.If you still want to plant nut hazelnut, choose large fruits and save to November in a cool dry place.In November Transfer nuts river sand and leave until the spring in a cold place, periodically moistening.
Another way - to plant the seeds immediately after ripening, but before frosts promulchirovat a bed layer 10 cm.
3
If you buy seedlings hazelnut, difficult to distinguish them from wild hazel.In this case, give preference seedlings with purple colored leaves as wild varieties with the color no.To buy it slips rather than grown from seed plants, look at the root: from cuttings he is fibrous, and in plants grown from seed - stem.In addition, seedlings, cuttings always twice as expensive.
4
Hazelnut loves watering, especially during fruit ripening, because its roots close to the surface.The rest of the care hazelnuts simple.To soils it is undemanding, but in fertilized soil gives higher yields.
5
plant two or three years after planting should begin to form, cutting weak branches and leaving ten or twelve strong shoots, spaced as far as possible from each other.

Tip 2: How to grow hazelnuts walnut

hazelnut growers called and cultivated species of hickory.In contrast to the common hazel, this hybrid is better to take root among amateur gardeners.Because of the valuable nutritional qualities of plants, many gardeners tend to have it on your site.The most common hazel propagated seedlings, but with some skill, you can grow from a hazelnut nut .To do this, you must study the characteristics of high-quality seeds and planting to consult with a specialist.
How to grow hazelnuts walnut
you need
  • - mature seeds hazelnut;
  • - light sandy soil;
  • - wooden box;
  • - sand;
  • - water;
  • - plywood sheet;
  • - humus.
Guide
1
right sort of pick hazelnuts, so he settled down in the conditions of your garden.For cultivation in central Russia experienced breeders usually recommend hybrids that combine large-fruited and frost (such as "Panahessky," Tambov early and "Tambov late," Komsomol, and some others).You can plant in the country and hazel, but there is a risk that it will not settle down away from the forest.
2
Pick for sowing the seeds fully matured.They are usually harvested in the period from September to October.For quality nuts not refer to the market, and to the familiar to gardeners or to a special nursery.
3
Proceed with planting hazelnut immediately after harvesting.Plant more nut to later you had the opportunity to reject unhealthy or weak seedlings.In 1 square meter is well loosened land vyseyte fifty seeds embedded to a depth of 7-8 cm. The best soil for the hazelnut is considered light, sandy loam.
4
If autumn planting for some reason had no luck, spring must perform stratification of seeds (help them grow faster).To do this for three or four months to hold the nuts in a wooden box filled with wet sand (one of the three parts of seed and substrate).Keep the temperature of the bulk soil to keep it in the range of +1 to +10 degrees.
5
Mix sand and nuts once during stratification to provide seed needed oxygen.It is recommended to pour the soil with seeds on a dry sheet of plywood, all carefully stir again and put into the box.
6
Plant prepared for spring planting nuts to a depth of 5-6 cm. According to botanists, hazelnuts - unpretentious culture.However, you need to remove the weeds from the garden and from time to time to loosen the soil.When drought for normal growth and development of seedlings needs watering.A year later a small height hazel may reach about 15 cm, and its root neck - thickness of 3 mm or more.In this case, it can be transplanted to a permanent place hazelnuts, adding a bucket of compost pit.If your seedling is still too small to hold the transplant next year.
Note
If you grow hazelnuts walnut, it can not save all the properties of the class.Got stronger on young hazel sapling recommended instill varietal hazelnut.
Helpful Hint
Do not forget that hazelnuts - cross-pollinated plant.To hazel is well developed and bear fruit, it is advisable to plant in one area a few different varieties.In the middle zone as pollinators is usually used hazelnuts "Firstborn", "Tambov early" and "late Tambov."
Sources:
  • hybrid hazelnuts
  • how to plant hazelnut
Sources:
  • Harvest bed.Features of cultivation of hazelnuts

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