- easel, brushes, paints, solvents, palette, paints, palette knife, cloth, primed surfaces: canvas on stretcher, cardboard or canvas on cardboard
To paint you need stretched canvas on a frame or other surface suitable for oil painting.Also used cardboard or canvas pasted on cardboard.All surfaces must be primed.If you are just starting to draw oil , it is better to buy ready-primed canvas in the shop.
Easel - this is a device, which is placed on a stretcher with a picture.Without easel to paint extremely uncomfortable.You will also be useful, and other tools, including a palette knife - a special spatula, which is convenient to mix the paint.There is even a palette knife painting technique.
Brushes - usually young artists become stiff bristle brush out, but also useful and soft brush.You can draw almost anything, the main thing - do not do it with your fingers, as the paint and substances contained in them are very toxic.These can penetrate through the skin into the body and cause poisoning.
Before you start writing oil , mix the paint to the desired color on the palette.This will help spatula.To clear the brush from the paint, use solvent and rags.The best way to get shade by mixing no more than three colors.The traditional material for the panel - wood, glass but also excellent because it does not absorb the ink and does not react with them.
As solvent turpentine is often used, but it is quite toxic.Today, there are less toxic solvents with a pleasant smell, pleasant to use them.
Once you're done writing, you need to rinse the brush in a solvent, and then wash in warm water, using soap or shampoo.Brushes are not recommended to put in a box and keep in the cup, so that they can dry.It is best to install the tank with a solvent to wash hands with an additional bottom holes.Thus fragments of the paint will settle on the bottom, without interfering rinse the brush and the life of the solvent can be substantially extended.
process of painting is different.Everyone uses their techniques and tricks.Of course, drawing skills will be useful to anyone who has decided to do oil paintings.Usually, before starting the main image, the canvas is applied underpainting.It outlines who write very diluted paint.They are practically invisible.Then already begun drawing itself.Oil paint layers applied, over time, more working through the details.
Tip 2: How to draw oil painting
process of painting with oil much harder to paint with watercolors or pencil.The artist, in addition to talent, need the ability to choose canvas, primed it, know how and what to plant dyes.
- - otrez canvas;
- - PVA glue;
- primer for 1 sq.m.Canvas:
- - 15 g of dry wood glue;
- - half a cup of water;
- - a quarter cup of white zinc dry;
- - 1 egg.
- Or you can take an already primed canvas on a stretcher.
- - brushes of different sizes;
- - white spirit;
- - palette;
- - oil paints.
If you are not satisfied with the already primed canvas of the store, you can decide to pull the fabric on a frame and primed.First, select the right canvas.Most often, the artists used linen.Considered the most suitable canvas hemp - hemp.However, this material seldom occurs in stores.In choosing the material, avoid jute or calico.The first is not very durable, and the calico rot.
further tighten the canvas on a wooden frame.Please do not nail the cloth very hard in the corners of the subframe.Then tighten and fasten the middle of the parties.Then firmly pull on the corners and also secure.Remember that the canvas is nailed stud.
then need to glue the canvas and primed.Sizing need to ground and the paint does not seep through the fabric.For sizing can take PVA glue and spread on a layer of dense tissue.While it is dry, mix the primer.One of the recipes for its preparation is as follows: The beads of adhesive soak with water and allow to swell.Cook until boiling in a water bath, but do not boil.Then cool adhesive mortar, add the yolk, white and mix.The emulsion should be reminded of the density of sour cream.Apply primer to the canvas in multiple layers.After drying, treat sandpaper.
can proceed directly to the drawing.For this process, the artists usually charge a flat brush - it is more convenient to write them oil .Paints mixed on the palette.If you need to dilute the paint, use linseed oil, turpentine, various special paints - acrylic, pistachio, fir, damarny.
first coal or highly diluted paint, apply a contour drawing of the future.Then begin a more thorough drawing.In the process of writing, painting brush, clean cloth or white spirit.Choose one that is more expensive - it has almost no odor.
When the painting is dry and ready, it is covered with varnish.Usually waiting about a year to paint is completely dry.Varnish to protect paint the picture of repose and interaction with the air.So the picture is stored much longer.
- picture painted