Tip 1: How to prevent the emergence of the ozone hole

ozone holes are a threat to every living thing on the planet.Ozone in the stratosphere protects life on Earth from harmful ultraviolet rays emitted by the sun.Humanly prevent this threat.
Guide
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In order to prevent the formation of new ozone holes, find out the cause.Ozone - this is the same oxygen but not having two atoms, and three.The oxygen atom gets a third at a height of 12 - 50 kilometers due to exposure to sunlight, due to which it is ionized.Ozone accumulates in the upper layers of the atmosphere to form ozone layer, which covers the entire planet and protects it from harmful UV rays of the sun.
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Places where the ozone layer is noticeably thinner, called ozone holes.This layer thins always, not only because of the harmful effects of human activities.Destruction of the ozone layer is due to a chemical bond with hydrogen, bromine, methane, chlorine, etc.As a result, it forms a completely different chemical compounds, but after a while this modification oxygen accumulates again.
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factories, trucks, various household appliances increased content in the atmosphere of substances that deplete the ozone layer, and thinning faster than recovery.The very first ozone hole appeared over Antarctica because sunlight, needed for the formation of ozone in this place enough.
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Now the ozone hole appeared over the Arctic, besides decreasing the ozone layer in the atmosphere.You can prevent the formation of new holes, if you try to use the car less.If the distance to your destination a little, reach on foot.Do not spray without much need for air fresheners and sprays all the others, they also contain substances that deplete the ozone layer.
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If you have a cottage or private house, plant trees and other plants, they produce the required oxygen.Encourage your friends and relatives also follow these simple rules, but instead will contribute to the restoration of humanity ozone layer.

Tip 2: How to prevent ozone hole

Ozone - a bluish gas composed of three oxygen atoms (O3).As the ozone layer thins, the earth begins to penetrate more and more ultraviolet radiation necessary for normal life of people.Ozone absorbs the excess part of the ultraviolet light, including dangerous for all life on Earth.Ozone hole - it is not a hole in the atmosphere in the full sense.This slow steady decrease in stratospheric layer.
How to warn of the ozone hole
Guide
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amount of content in the atmosphere ozone is extremely small, and, therefore, even the smallest deviation from the norm of ozone can lead to serious changes in the intensity of UV rays on the earth's surface.
to warn about the ozone hole, remember the reasons for which they may be formed:
- chlorine compounds, known as CFCs.Even a single chlorine atom can destroy a lot of the ozone layer;

- combustion.Nitrous oxide is dangerous for ozone;

- high-altitude aircraft.Nuclear explosions which are formed during the flight, also pose challenges to the depletion of the ozone layer;

- fertilizers.As the application of mineral fertilizers in the soil increases the appearance of nitrous oxide, which contributes to the destruction of the stratospheric layer.
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As you can see, the sources of destruction of the ozone layer above the Earth myriad.And this means that the problems associated with ozone holes, too.Do not forget that the ozone layer in the stratosphere is very important for all life on Earth.
Also remember exactly how ozone holes appear when comes the polar night, the temperature drops dramatically, and the formation of stratospheric clouds.They contain ice crystals.When these crystals accumulate too much in the process of chemical reactions liberates chlorine.Under the influence of ultraviolet rays in the atmosphere fall chlorine atoms.In the course of all these reactions molecule ozone (O3) is formed and breaks an oxygen molecule (O2).Such a chain of transformations naturally thins the ozone layer, which leads to the formation of the ozone hole.
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To find out the possibility of the emergence of the ozone hole, contact ozonometric stations that are engaged in monitoring the ozone layer.Aircraft laboratory can control the emergence of the hole, as well as its size and nature of the increase.For the first time the problem of reduction of the ozone layer over the Antarctic have faced in 1985.In the same year, were obtained photos of the ozone hole.
Sources:
  • What is the ozone hole?How to prevent their occurrence?

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