Tip 1: How to Draw an evacuation plan

evacuation plan to be in any institution, if there are ten people at the same time is.This number included and employees and possible visitors.The room where both are more than fifty persons, shall be deemed to mass stay.In this case, the plan included the evacuation instructions, defining actions of personnel in dangerous situations.Evacuation plans are developed in accordance with state standards and the requirements of "Rules of fire safety in the Russian Federation."
you need
  • - floor plan of the building;
  • - each section of the plan, if the floor area exceeding 1,000 square meters.m;
  • - a computer with a graphical editor;
  • - printer;
  • - pen or pencil.
Guide
1
Start planning the evacuation of its graphic part.To do this, take a printout of the relevant sectional or a floor plan in the Bureau of Technical Inventory, the committee on management of municipal or public property or the private owner of the building.If for some reason there is such a plan, do it yourself, denoting all the
cabinets, doors and windows, stairs, and the main escape routes.For a small building with a relatively simple layout of the floor plan will be enough.If there are several emergency exits on each floor are installed sliding doors and turnstiles - make a plan for each section.
2
plan drafted by hand, scan and enter into your computer.Apply symbols can be in any graphic redaktoore.Specify the name of the hotel rooms and office space.Mark Street, on which there are entrances to the building.Indicate on the plan the place where the life saving equipment, fire fighting equipment and landlines.It should also indicate the place where hangs an evacuation plan.The icons are defined by state standards.
3
Apply arrows escape route.The need for staff and visitors each office to identify the most optimal way out of the building.First, employees and customers are located in the corridor.Draw an arrow through the doorway, the point of which is directed in the desired direction, in this case - in the direction of the corridor.
4
Determine what ladder is closest to this office.The direction of movement mark line is fatter than the one that shows the way out of the room into the corridor.Try to determine the approximate number of people who can simultaneously be in every office.This is necessary to determine the optimal number of those who will take advantage of each output.
5
Follow the text part.It indicated ways to alert the order of evacuation, personnel actions, ways to manually activate the fire alarm.Is a graphical and textual part of the plan in compliance with the standards.Its dimensions depend on the purpose.To set a floor plan size 40x60 cm, for local - 30x40.
6
Print out a floor plan or sectional in several copies.One copy must be inserted in a frame and hang in a prominent place.Beside him hang emergency numbers.Here may be the instruction for employees, if provided "Rules of fire safety."The second copy is included in the general plan, which lies at the desk.The master plan personnel will provide liquidation chrezvychaynyh situations upon request.

Tip 2: How to draw a diagram of the evacuation

One of the basic requirements of public premises is to comply with fire safety regulations.Driving evacuation in case of fire - the most important document that should be developed for each room separately.In addition to the traffic patterns of people, it also regulated by the action of personnel in case of fire.
How to draw a diagram of evacuation
you need
  • - floor plan of the building;
  • - scanner;
  • - graphic program for your computer.
Guide
1
plan evacuation floor plans should take into account the specific building or structure.It is also necessary to provide reliability, size and type of evacuation routes staff.Do not forget to take into account the specific behavior of people in an emergency, be sure to Calculate the power flow of people and try to eliminate the possibility of intersection of several routes.
2
evacuation plan of GOST R 12.2.143-2002 should include a graphic part and a text description.To create the graphic part you will need a floor plan of the building.If the total size of the room is very high and exceeds 1,000 square meters, split into sections and plan to create a separate scheme evacuation for each of them.
3
Before creating an electronic version of the plan evacuation , go around the entire room and examine it carefully.You need to note the location of the basic, spare and emergency exits, the location of the fire shields, fire alarm, telephone.Mark the outline of a possible means of ventilation and antizadymleniya.
4
The plan note the number of people who are constantly in the room, as well as the average number of visitors, if their presence is implied.
5
Go intended route evacuation of each individual room.Check all bottlenecks.Check the reliability and safety stairs, railings.Make sure the width of the passageway is sufficient to move the maximum number of people.Note that in a moment of panic people do not look at the ground, which means that high thresholds or steep stairs can be dangerous.
6
Develop alternatives to the movement of people during a fire or emergency.Do not forget to take into account outflows from the upper floors of buildings or basements.
7
preferred to create a plan for evacuation in a graphics program.To do this, scan the paper scheme and move to a bitmap.In the future, this document can be used as a basis for the creation of not only the evacuation scheme , but other plans.
8
not get carried away detail and color.Routes by means of continuous green line indicating the direction of travel, alternate routes - dashed.The red scroll symbols.Do not forget to mark the place in the drawing corresponding to the placement of your plan in the room.
9
not use in terms of balloons;Icons indicating the fire-fighting equipment or means of communication, should be indicated in the plan is in their location.Symbol characters in text entry decipher a drawing.The letters in the text of the resolution should have one.They should be large enough to comfortably read.The recommended size of 8-15 mm.
10
evacuation plan , located on floors or sections should be fairly close to a well-read and interpreted visually.The optimum size of 600x400 mm.
11
Validate mock evacuation plan Inspector GPN.
Helpful Hint
creating an evacuation plan, do not forget the labels pointer.The presence of inscriptions "Exit», «EXIT», «Fire Shield" and the like is a prerequisite for compliance with the standards of your environment and fire safety requirements.
Sources:
  • evacuation plan premises
Note
In many cases, required local evacuation plans.They are designed for hotel rooms, ship cabin, hospital wards, etc.
Sources:
  • Volunteer Fire Company

0
0