cause of the mudflow could be volcanic eruptions, melting of glaciers and snow on the hill and in the mountains, a large amount of precipitation.As a result, a large amount of water flows, mixed with rock.Mudflow most places are areas at the base of the hills and mountains.
To guard against this natural hazard in mudflow areas definitely need to build bypass channels, dams and levees.You can apply additional security measures, strengthen the land on the slopes of tree planting.Find a way to advance shelter from villagers.
usually rural impossible to foresee, but in some cases you may notice signs of this phenomenon: on the bricks, tiles, plaster, pavements and earth cracks occur, the doors in the house suddenly start to creak
or jam.Trees, fences begin to move a little, there is water in the place where it normally does not run, there is hum.
If you see something different from the above, in order to avoid being caught by this natural phenomenon, try not to walk on the mudflow areas.Immediately report signs of the security service in your area.
sel is moving at very high speed - ten or more meters per second.The phenomenon can last from a few minutes before ten o'clock.Landslide is divided into several stages, and by the first wave of sometimes reaches a height of 15 meters.The safest place in this case - in the mountains, where the flow is in its infancy and has not yet gained mass and strength, you have a higher chance to have time to leave the path of the mudslide.
noticed signs of mudflow, run away from the bottom of the ravine as far as possible.Sometimes, too fast flow fly stones, try to find shelter from them and move on safe way.If you evacuate, turn off the gas in the house, water and electricity, close the vents, windows and doors.Take a most necessary (documents, money).
Tip 2: How to behave during the eruption of the volcano
People living near the extinct volcano because the soil becomes fertile after the eruption, the water - healing.But sometimes the volcano wakes up again.From its vents erupt gases, solids and liquids.The lava and mud flows sweep away everything in its path.The consequences of this disaster can be devastating.
- - drinking water;
- - provisions;
- - medicines;
- - special clothing and footwear;
- - Points;
- - respirator.
be based in their behavior on that of the impending eruption volcano , near which you are, you can find out in advance.Modern methods of forecasting allow to fix the changes that occur inside the volcano and precede a natural event and to inform the local residents and authorities.Usually before a disaster changing temperature and chemical composition of water and vapor geysers, earthquakes, accompanied by underground rumble.
constantly replenished supply of drinking water and medicines.Follow the shelf life of drugs.Stocks provisions will also be relevant.In the event of a volcanic eruption prepare special clothing, preferably of fireproof materials, shoes with hard soles.Regardless of season clothes should be warm.Get special glasses (you can use the goggles for diving) and a respirator.Pay attention to the strengthening of windows and doors.
Of course, the best and the only protection from volcanic eruptions is evacuated.Therefore, pre-examine the plan that will orient you in an emergency situation and will act calmly, obey and assist the authorities.All documents keep on hand.Listen carefully to the radio.
When the raging elements do not panic and take it easy.Try as fast as possible to get to the shelter.Do not use basements and cellars.Otherwise, the layer of ash and dirt fill up your shelter.
If you are in your home, close all doors and windows.Turn off the air conditioning.The resulting shock wave from the volcano can hurt you, smashing windows.Therefore, located in the depths of space.
Prepare wet towels or tissues that need to go out to help others, or any urgent needs.
Do not attempt to use the car.Keep in mind that the ash and rock debris blocking it reduces visibility, making the movement of the track is very dangerous.Leave your car and try as quickly as possible to get to the shelter.
Be extremely careful and cautious after the eruption.The consequences of a natural disaster can be just as disastrous.Danger are exposed electrical wires, gas pipes burst and water supply systems.Burning ash can cause fires.Therefore, to remain in the building until the arrival of rescuers.In severe destruction and loss of communication it may take some time.
Make sure that the room in which you are not subjected to fire due to hit the burning wreckage.As soon as possible start to get rid of the ashes, provoking the collapse of the building.Check the status of doors and windows.Make sure they are closed.Once it is possible, invite a special repair service for assessing the sustainability of facilities.
excursions active volcanoes can be deadly.
- What is rural?Description, occurrence of threat