In the US, the most common name of the police is the word "cop", considered an acronym for "patrolman» (Constable on Patrol).Also, its origin is associated with the word copper («Copper") - the first American police wore eight-pointed star made of copper.In Britain, the police called "Bobby" - derived from the name of Robert Peel, founder of the British police and the famous Scotland Yard.In Russia and Ukraine, they habitually referred to as "cops".
Today, in many countries (and in Britain in particular) the usual name of the police gradually replaced the American word "cop".
In France, the most common nickname of the police is the word "Flick", which appeared in the mid-19th century.This moniker stands for "fly" but
witty Frenchmen gave him another transcript - Federation Legale des Idiots Casques (Legal federation idiots helmets).In addition to Flick, police in France often called the "Agen" from the word "agent" or poule (hen).In Germany, the police in absentia are treated as Bulle (bull), Spain - poli, and in Italy - "sbirro" (derived from the red uniforms).
In most European countries the police called police officer.In Russia, they are addressed simply - a policeman.In Ukraine, the police called "mіlіtsіonerami" or "mіlіtsіyantami."French respectfully appeal to the police - "policeman", and the Italians - "carabiniere".German police called "policemen", Spanish - policiaco (accent on the letter I).In South America, the police are called, or simply agente comisario.
word "police" has the same sound all over the world and from Greek translated as "public order" or "state".
In Poland, the police turn "politsiyant" and in Norway - "the constable."The Portuguese called the police - policial, and the Finns - poliisi.Because of such diverse "range" of names of police posts, researchers often find it difficult to allocate gosudarstvoved police authorities to a particular classification, remaining within the state machinery.However, to classify the special police and state security bodies is not always possible, even in the presence of generalized data and clear the names of professions.