How to determine the strength of the ice
pond, covered with a layer of ice can be dangerous for several reasons.In a lake or river may extend warm currents that erode the ice from below.Thinner layer of ice and when temperature drops during the thaw.Being on the ice is not too rugged, the man puts itself at risk, and may at any moment be in the icy water.That is why in the winter on ponds need to be extremely focused and cautious.
easiest way to determine the state of the ice cover, if the ice is free of snow.The most durable is considered the ice, which has a distinctive greenish or bluish tint.If ice is milky or inclusions in the form of bubbles, it should alert you.Weak ice
often forms after heavy snowfall. Usually ice covering the pond is inhomogeneous - some places are more durable, in other ice is weaker.
stepping on the ice and make sure that while on the surface there is no large cracks.Cracks annular shape suggest that the ice is not very durable, so from the movement on it is better to refuse.Very unreliable spongy ice yellowish hue, which is usually formed after the rain.Complete safety when traveling can guarantee only the ice, when you click on that cracks do not form.
Ice cover rapid rivers can be dangerous, especially near the coast.In such places, the ice has a multilayer structure and filled with tiny air bubbles that give ice fragility.In the middle of fast flowing rivers cover more securely. go on the ice is recommended in places where it is not covered with snow, away from the stones, rocks and waterlogged driftwood.
basic rules of behavior on the ice
Do not put yourself at risk, moving body of water on the ice in those places where it is expressly prohibited by the relevant words or signs.Before going out on the ice, check the strength of his improvised means, for example, a long pole or ski pole.Try not to cross the frozen waters alone.If you go in a group, maintains the spacing between its members about five or six meters.
Stay as far away from the hole in the ice and the places where the surface water ice stands.Beware move ponds on the ice in the dark, heavy snowfall and wind.Moving across the ice on skis in advance undo fastening and release the hands of the loops of ski poles. If you are on the back of the backpack or bag to move it over one shoulder to the load can be quickly thrown off in case of danger.
Walk on the ice slowly moving step;carefully examine the space in front of him, look for cracks and discoloration of ice.If you are experiencing symptoms suggestive of deterioration in the quality of ice, go back, stepping on their own tracks, and without making sudden movements.
If you happen to still fall through the ice, do not panic.Raskinte hands as much as possible and try to grab the edge of the ice.Try slowly and without any sudden movements napolzti chest on the edge, pulling both legs alternately.Getting out of the hole in the ice, do not get up, and re-rolling in the direction from which you came to a dangerous place.