In the second half of the 19th century Tatar musical life includes such instruments as accordion, guitar, violin, mandolin.But there are also native Tatar musical instruments.

Wind Instruments



most famous of Tatar Winds - Cura.It got its name from the Tatar name rebroplodnika Urals - a plant from Umbelliferae, which stem from its original use.Kurai is a longitudinal flute length 1 m, with four holes on one side and one - on the other.Kurai range up to 3 octaves.It sounds very soft and singer accompanies the game on kurai guttural sound.Kurai can act in an ensemble and as a solo instrument.

Along with classic Kura there Cauchy - kurai with 2 holes.

Another tool - sornay, distributed not only the Tatars, and Bashkirs.Traditionally it is made from the horn and was originally used to hunt.Played on sornae and shepherds.

String Instruments



Tatar-stringed plucked instrument is called dumbra.This traditional instrument singer-storytellers.According to historical sources, dumbra existed during the time of the Golden Horde.The monument of Tatar literature of the 14th century."Tula and Susylu" describes how the main character did dumbru song to win the heart of his beloved.

Grief at Tatar dumbry shorter than that of Kazakh dombra, strings, usually three.Plectrum to play it.The case in ancient times was made of wood chipping, but now his glue.At the turn of 19-20 centuries.dumbra fell into disuse, being supplanted by the mandolin, but at the end of the 20th century.It was revived and reconstructed.On the fretboard frets instrument appeared to have been created varieties dumbry ensemble - soprano, alto and bass.

Tatar Udmurt harp very similar, but differ from them in an odd number of resonator holes.If the holes 3, one is at the peak, and the other - at the sides of the top deck when 5 or 7, a single hole in the center, and the other - symmetrically around it.Accordingly, modal organization Tatar music, the harp has pentatonic system.

Other instruments



kubyz - reed instrument resembling a harp.This metal arc with the tongue in the middle.By changing the size and shape of the mouth, musician retrieves the sounds overtone series.Perhaps this tool borrowed from the Tatars Ugric peoples.According to archeological data, it was known in the 10th century.

There Tatars and national percussion instrument.It is called the DEP and resembles a tambourine.