Who is Mona Lisa
enigmatic smile is not the only mystery "Mona Lisa."For years, critics could not come to the opinion, who is depicted in the picture.Until now, there are several common versions.According to one of them, the woman in the picture - Lisa del Giocondo, the third wife of wealthy Florentine silk merchant Francesco del Giocondo.There are documents, claiming that in 1503, date of the beginning of work on the painting, Leonardo was commissioned portrait of Mrs. Giocondo.
Giocondo translated from Italian means "carefree".
Others believe that the silk merchant's wife Da Vinci painted on the other, is not extant portrait, an
d a mysterious lady whose portrait he painted about 4 years old, is Isabella of Aragon, wife of the artist's patron, the Duke of Milan.
Still others argue that the painting is dated incorrectly.The time of its creation - 1512-1516 year and the lady depicted on the canvas - the wife of Giuliano de 'Medici, who ruled in the years Milan.
Mona in the title picture is madam or madam.In Russian painting can be called "Madame Lisa."
Another version is that the "Mona Lisa" - does the artist himself in female form.Under certain numerical analysis features of the great painter's self-portrait in one of exactly the same with the appearance of his most famous models and all that - a hoax genius.
The mystery of her smile
Yes, a woman, put before scientists such mysteries, has the right to a mysterious smile.However, critics argue that there is no mystery, but the whole thing just in a unique technique of sfumato, whose name translates as smoky or disappear.This unique combination of strokes, which the artist conveys a sense of air, softening the outline of shapes, tones and semitones.According to the neurobiologists, our peripheral vision is able to perceive only the larger items, while the central - small.If smotretna "Mona Lisa" directly, by focusing on the eyes of the model, leaving the peripheral vision of her mouth, it seems that it slides smile, but should look to the lips, that is, to translate them look and see central vision - it disappears.The same effect is due to melting and the smile of the Mona Lisa when deleting or moving in different directions from the picture.
But a simple scientific explanation does not fit the romantics who consider unimportant how the smiling Mona Lisa and much more mysterious is why she is smiling.It is known that the first version of the painting Mona Lisa and did not think about the smile, the artist was only later introduced into the fabric of corrections.Melting smile has created the myth of the novel, beautiful model and a great artist, carefully concealed from the jealous-husband, the former, according to the laws of the genre, is much older than his charming wife.Legend is not tenable, because of the possible models of the painter husbands and lovers were much younger than Leonardo, who at the time of writing, the web was already over fifty.
What is Mona Lisa smiling?Apparently, this is destined to forever remain a mystery, without which there is great art.