This ancient city is located on the territory of modern Dagestan, its foundation, archaeologists refer to the 6th century BC.The first mention of the city in the manuscripts of ancient Greek historians and geographers also preserved from that time.
City has Persian roots, the word "darbant" means "narrow gate".In ancient times, this city was called the Caspian Gates.Title happened due to the fact that the city is located in a narrow passage between the mountains and the Caspian Sea.In ancient times through Derbent ran the Silk Road, and the city was an important trading point.Therefore, the city wanted to own many peoples - there has been much fighting.Derbent is often destroyed and burned during the strife, and then the town was rebuilt.
Some researchers have questioned what Derbent can be considered the oldest city in Russia, as it was founded and flourished at a time when there was still no Russian people nor the Kievan Rus.And what is now the city is located in what is now the Russian Federation does not give reason to believe its true Russian.
Despite this, the city is very popular with tourists, because there are many ancient attractions, for example, stone buildings in the Historic Area, dating from the 6th century BC, and the ancient mosque.
second contender for the title of the oldest cities of Russia - Veliky Novgorod.This is the place where Christianity was born in ancient Russia.Every native of Novgorod believes that it is the oldest city in the country.
Base Veliky Novgorod has occurred in the year 859.Once a pagan city became a Christian, there was built a lot of churches.Novgorod became the spiritual center of Kievan Rus.
Currently in Novgorod many ancient cultural monuments, the city is saturated with the spirit of antiquity and greatness.This is true of Russian cities.
to the version that is Staraya Ladoga - the oldest Russian city, favored by most researchers.Foundation of the city belong to the 8th century.It was a port city in the way of shopping Norman way to Volkhov, location - the merger of the lakes Ladoga and Ilmen.
Currently, the city's history has not been studied until the end, and around the city are conducted archaeological research.Staraya Ladoga holds many ancient cultural sites and attractions.