relief images are created by carving, molding or embossing - depending on the material, which can be a clay, stone or wood.The difference between the bas-relief, high relief, and konrrelefom koyanaglifom is the ratio of the volume of image and background.


Bas differently called "low relief".On this relief convex image appears on the background of their own half volume or less.If we imagine that the image - a collection full of sculptural shapes and background - the sand in which they are partially submerged, then they are in bas-relief "sunk" by half, or even deeper, "on the surface" is a smaller part of them.

earliest reliefs date back to the Stone Age - these were images carved on rocks.The bas-reliefs found in almost all cultures of the ancient world: Egypt, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Persia, India.In ancien
t Greece and ancient Rome, reliefs often placed on the pediments of temples, becoming a kind of "calling card" of worship.There bas-relief art in the Middle Ages and in modern times.

Bas used and continue to use to decorate coins, medals, buildings, pedestals of monuments, memorial plaques.

High relief

In contrast, bas-relief, high relief called "high relief.The image here protrudes above the plane by more than half their volume.Separate figures may even be completely separated from the background.High relief to a greater extent than the relief suitable for scenery images and scenes comprising a plurality of shapes.Examples

high relief can be found in ancient art.One of the most famous examples - the Pergamon Altar, dating back to 2.BC.High relief depicts the story of the ancient Greek myth - the battle of the Olympian gods with the Titans.

In ancient Rome, high reliefs are often decorated with triumphal arches.This tradition is revived in modern times - in the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, too, there are high reliefs.

Other relief

kontrrelefy is a sort of "negative" bas, its imprint, in-depth background.Kontrrelefy used in the matrix and seals.Other kontrrelefy understanding can be seen in the avant-garde art of the 20th century. In particular, in the works of Vladimir Tatlin.There kontrrelefy treated as "exaggerated" a relief to get rid of the background - the exposure of real objects.

Koyanaglif - this image carved on the plane.It does not appear from the background, and does not delve into it - only deepened the contours of the figures.This image compares favorably with the bas-relief and high relief by the fact that it does not threaten spalling, hence it is better preserved.Koyanaglify found in the art of ancient Egypt and other civilizations of the ancient East.