great foreign sculptors
emergence of the sculpture belongs to the primitive era.The first works related to the employment of man and his beliefs.
first great sculptor, whose names have been preserved in the history of art were sculptors of ancient Greece and ancient Rome - Myron, Phidias, Scopas, Polycleitus, Lysippos, Praxiteles.Their works are directed to free citizens and are largely plastic incarnation of ancient myths.The images of heroes, warriors, athletes and Olympic gods embodied the ideals of a harmoniously developed personality.The work of these sculptors most fully revealed the humanistic essence of Greek sculpture: the beauty of the human body and approval of the significance of the human person.
This flourishing of this art form came in the Middle Ages.Donatello and Verrocchio A. made a very important step
forward in the creation of free-standing statues, this being perfected technique of bronze casting and embossing, use the technique of majolica. From sculptors of the Renaissance stand out as Jacques Pilon and Jean Goujon in France, A. and F. Stoss Kraft in Germany, Austria M. Pacher.
One of the peaks of Renaissance sculpture by Michelangelo are full of titanic power and intense drama.His creation, "Moses," "The insurgent slave" and "The Dying Slave", "Pieta" filled with tragedy, plastic strength and inner tension.
At the end of the 19th century rose the star of the great French sculptor Auguste Rodin, created by the power of vivid emotional impact of the work: "The citizens of Calle", "The Thinker", "The Kiss".
Famous Russian sculptor
In Russia, it was also a lot of famous sculptors who have left an imprint on the world of art.
Since the beginning of the 18th century, our culture awakens a major interest in sculpture.At this time, allegedly of classicism, which became a symbol of the monument to Peter I in St. Petersburg sculptor Etienne Falconet, as well as works by Carlo Rastrelli.Until 1716, he worked mainly in France.In Russia, Rastrelli participated in the creation of many decorative and sculptural complexes, including the decoration of Peterhof Grand Cascade.Sculptor also worked a lot on the image of Peter I. During the life of the king, in 1719, he took off the mask and then Peter has created his wax bust.
For years Rastrelli worked on the monument to Peter I. In 1800, the equestrian statue was erected in front of the Mikhailovsky Castle.
formed in the 19th century Russian academic school of sculpture, which introduced a galaxy of outstanding artists: M. Kozlovsky, FIShubin, F. Shchedrin, V. Demuth-Malinovsky, IPMartos, FPTolstoy.
In the middle of the 19th century created the famous animal painter-sculptor Pyotr Karlovich Klodt, the author of four sculptural groups "Horse Tamers" Annenkov for the bridge in Petersburg. Soviet pavilion at the Paris exhibition was designed by Iofin.The building was completed giant raised to 33 meters, pylon, which is crowned by the sculpture of Mukhina.
leading masters of Soviet sculpture was Vera Mukhina.Her creativity inherent powerful architectonic sculpture.One of the most famous works of sculptor is the "Worker and Collective Farm Girl", created for the international exhibition "The Art of Technology and Modern Life", set up in Paris in 1937.