Antiquity divided into several smaller steps, so the sculpture from different periods there are fundamental differences.Sculptures depicting the Archaic period, mostly young, full of strength and naked.One of the few remaining statues refers to the VII century BC- Kleobis and Beaton.The position of bodies devoid of dynamics reminiscent of the Egyptian sculptures and ancient gods and pharaohs, one leg thrust forward slightly, eyes straight torso deprived of relief.However, even in this period in the form of statues felt priorities in the canons of fashion and beauty of th
e male body.
Another statue of the Archaic period, exhibited at the Museum of Munich - Apollo Tineysky.It can be seen the same rough manly features as that of the previous article.A feature of the art of that time was "archaic smile", which looked quite unnatural, but it was one of the first stages of the evolution of ancient Greek sculpture.Looking at these statues can say with certainty that the fashion had long hair, a low forehead and prized athletic build.No jewelry, hats and other items of clothing on the statues is not observed, from which it can be concluded that the sculptors wanted to emphasize the beauty of the male nude body and paid no attention to the small details.
Early Classic period
In the early classical period of antiquity (V-VI century BC) observed detail those relief and dynamics of the body, also appears in many statues of clothes.Statues of national heroes of Greek Harmodius Aristogeiton and demonstrate the desire to show vigor creator of sculptures: a show of hands, ready to slay the tyrant, militant opinion, tense muscles are visible, well traced veins. Both sculptures imprinted with short hair, stern faces without a smile, and one of the statues is endowed with a beard.This detail suggests that the sculpture began to appear over the image of a mature male.
Men sculpture early classical compositions often were pediments of temples and palaces.Well preserved eastern and western pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia.Beautiful statue still frozen in motion, ancient authors managed to convey the fullness, strength and energy of action.An even more dynamic look statue "Discus Thrower", if earlier sculpture depicts a full-length, there can be seen a fundamental rejection of the template.It seems that the thrower frozen in stone, crouched in front of the cast.Face courageous, confident and focused.The muscles in action, swollen veins: a second drive will be launched.
high and late classical
apogee sculptures of ancient times was the period of high and late classics.Proportionality, external or internal dynamics, plastic statues brought to perfection.The surviving modern copies of ancient works focuses on the beauty of the male body.Abstract young men, Greek heroes, gods and mythical creatures humanoid male conform to the canons of the ancient beauty: Athletic no-frills perfection muscles outward calm and sublime images. genitals statues have become smaller in comparison with the works of previous periods.It was necessary only schematically indicate the sex of sculpture, not giving that body part special attention.
The most famous sculptures of high classics are the metopes of the Parthenon, the work of Polykleitos' Doryphoros "and" Diadumen. "Late Classic period is well represented in museums around the world: "Apollo Kifared", "Apoxyomenos", "Apollo Saurokton", "Ares Ludovisi", "Hermes with Dionysus," Eros, Hercules, satire, and many others.