«Katyusha" - the legendary songs of war, no matter how strange it may sound, was created before the war.And the story of its creation has been very difficult.

birthday song

all started with what was already a famous poet Mikhail Isakovsky invented quatrain - the very thing the well-known beginning of the song, "blossom apple and pear ..." But then the poems are not evolved, so Isakovsky decided to postpone work on them until bettertimes.He soon became acquainted with composer Matthew Blanter.The composer liked the opening lines of the song and the future, after a few sleepless nights, he composed a melody which became legendary.At the insistence of

Blanter, Isakovsky continued to work on the text.For the first time the song sounded in November 1938 in the Hall of Columns.Her fir
st performer was a young singer Valentina Batishcheva that thrice summoned for "encore".Later, "Katyusha" performed Ruslanova, Georgy Vinogradov, Edward Gil and Anna Herman.

«Katyusha" at war

completely different way the song sounded in the war years.Soldiers not only knew by heart the lyrics, but also piled more and more options.Katyusha they fought at the front, waiting for her soldier, became a nurse or partisan ... Katyusha many perceive as a real girl, and even wrote letters to her.In the name nicknamed Katyusha rocket launchers, horrified by the Nazis.

In one embodiment, the legendary song featured some Katia Ivanova.As it turned out, Katya Ivanova was real prototype - a beautiful girl from Kuban, who volunteer went to the front and fought at Stalingrad.After the war, Ekaterina Andreevna kept handwritten lyrics of Katya Ivanova with a note that these verses are devoted to her.

Interestingly, the "Katyusha" and relished the enemies of the Soviet Union.The Germans sang her German-language version, the Spanish volunteers who served in the 250th Division of the Wehrmacht, used it in his march melody Primavera, the Finns had their own, "Karelian Katyusha".

However, the friends and allies of the USSR also like "Katyusha".Entitled "Whistles evening" it turned into a hymn of Italian partisans.There was the second Italian version of the popular song, called "Catarina".After the war, its "Katyusha" appeared in Israel and even in China.

So this seemingly simple, unpretentious song managed to subdue the inhabitants of different parts of the world.