main difference runic alphabet from other European alphabets is that each rune has its own specific meaning.If the name of the letters - it's just a meaningless set of sounds, the name for the runes are the words of Germanic.For example: Rune "feu" means "beast" and the rune "Uruz" and "Thurisaz" - respectively, "bison" and "Giant".The oldest of the runic alphabets are the Elder Futhark rune 24.Later, they evolved from the lower Scandinavian runes in which there were 16 letters.
Additionally, each rune has its special religious and magical significance.That automatically makes the process of writing in a magical ritual.It has long been the runes used for divination and writing various magic spells.
Runes - linear marks, images so that they can be easily cut from a tree.The basis of most fleeces were 1 or 2, vertical lines, cut perpendicular to the direction of wood fibers.Horizontal lines also tried to avoid.
Besides wood, Runes carved on coins, gold plates, stone slabs and boulders, as well as clay pots.It was assumed that deposited on gold plates runes bring good luck and happiness.There are runic inscriptions made in Constantinople Hagia Sophia and the marble lion in Piraeus.
Runic inscriptions, usually consisting of a single word, at least - of a few.Markings consisting of several words, the phenomenon is extremely rare.Runes depicted on a variety of subjects - from coins to coffins.
Magic runes function caused their official ban.It happened in 1639, during the church witch hunt.Masters runic art went into hiding, many of them were destroyed.Knowledge began to be transmitted by word of mouth, so the ancient traditions are intertwined with advanced esoteric knowledge.It is in this form of information about the runes survived.