Guide
1
In antiquity architecture was primarily concerned with the construction of temples.The main feature of them were detached support - columns.They Capitals could define the era of construction.
The earliest were the capitals of the Doric order (stone pillow and square plate).
It was replaced by a capital of the Ionic order, more refined decorated rounded in the form of ram's horns (volute).Corinthian Capital was very late.Lush, entertainment, she looked like a flower basket.
to the present day buildings of this era almost did not survive.However, the Renaissance and classical architects have made extensive use of these columns.
How to determine the style of architecture of the building
2
Romanesque churches can be found on the large size.They used an arched structure.They are characterized by the monumenta
lity of the composition, and the hallmark of a big deal.Heavy and somber majesty of Romanesque architecture is reflected in the construction of feudal castles, churches and monastic ensembles.
How to determine the style of architecture of the building
3
leading achievements was the construction of the Gothic cathedrals.In contrast to the Romanesque cathedrals they caused a feeling of lightness, airiness and a special spirituality.This feeling is created by lancet arches that emphasize the aspiration of the whole building up.
important detail Gothic cathedral - huge windows, which were decorated with colorful stained glass.
Outside the cathedral on the facade of the two towers, and between them a round window.It was called "Gothic Rose".
How to determine the style of architecture of the building
4
In Renaissance architecture has its own peculiarities.
ancient columns were not the basis for the building construction and decoration, decoration.
on the cathedral constructed a giant dome.
And secular and religious buildings had a clear harmonious composition, light, elegant and simple.
walls separated by pilasters, half-columns, cornices.
How to determine the style of architecture of the building
5
opposite the Baroque architectural forms strict geometry.Centric is replaced by an extended, round - oval, square - rectangle.It dominates polyphony architectural volumes.Buildings are picturesque.
Line facade bends.From the thickness of the walls there are columns, pilasters, cornices, architraves, medallions, cartouches, volutes.
Gables completed statues in the niches are sculptures.
How to determine the style of architecture of the building
6
architecture classicism - the exact opposite of the baroque.It is characterized by clean lines, clear volumes, slender kompozitsiya.Osnovoy architectural language became a warrant close of antiquity.The principle of this style of architecture was based on the harmonic balance of shapes and perfect proportions.The buildings were divided by floors clearly warrant.Central axis must conform to the ledge, balcony or pediment.The wings of the facade of closed pavilions.
How to determine the style of architecture of the building