three-stringed domra - one of the main groups of instruments in the national orchestra.It includes dobro piccolo (not present in each band), small (usually there are between 6 to 20), viola (4 to 12) and bass (rarely more than 3-6).Domra - a stringed instrument that came to Russia at the time of its conquest by the Mongols.Especially popular dobro enjoyed at the buffoons.Modern tool has 3-4 strings and sound production takes place by means of a mediator.
Wind - here in the national orchestra has a "brood" of different, different from each other interesting tools.This is a different zhaleyka capable of piercing their sound to create a mood in any room, flute, whose subtle and gentle sound bring
s them to the recorder and Vladimir horns, has an interesting sound, but at the moment, unfortunately, almost never used.The group also includes the Russian Winds Bagpipe.
European wind also used to vary the sound of folk orchestra.This flute, oboe (their tone is very similar to Russian wind, so they are especially common), sometimes you can find brass instruments.
Harmonics - one of the most important groups of instruments in the national orchestra.Typically, it includes two to five accordion, half of which is engaged in the melody, half - bass line.You can also find a variety of options for the unusual harmony, regional varieties.
Percussion instruments like brass, divided into Russian and European.To carry Russian bells, rattles, spoons, tambourine and others.Among European percussion in the orchestra there are drums, bells, and so on.Drums - is somewhat round vials from two to seven, on top of which the membrane is stretched, and sometimes at the bottom hole.
Gusli - the most ancient stringed folk instrument known in Russia, the first mention of it date back to the 6th century.There are several types of harps, they differ in the number of strings and the shape of the cavity.Modern orchestras are commonly used rectangular harp.
Balalaika - the most important stringed folk instrument group.Balalaika has a triangular or oval wooden body cavity and neck, with strings stretched on it.The orchestra uses several types of balalaika: Take (3 to 6 pieces), seconds (usually 3-4 Tool), Viola (2-4 in the orchestra), bass (1-2 balalaika) and contrabass (2 to 5).Perhaps balalaika vary in size more than all the other instruments if prima has a length of about 60-70 cm, bass-balalaika reaches 1.7 m.
The idea to create a folk orchestraI came up with the VVAndreev, the master of the game on the balalaika.After a concert in St. Petersburg in 1888, he went to speak to other Russian cities and then abroad.The band was called "Great Russian" and enjoyed great success.Soon, the potential of folk instruments appreciated and composers, as in the USSR People's orchestra and all present in almost all the clubs, houses of culture and music institutions.