very first wind instruments have hollow bones of various animals.For example, the most ancient musical instrument, known to scientists - Neanderthal flute - made of cave bear bones.In its development of wind instruments take many forms, but among the various peoples in the process observed general patterns.

Pan flute

learn how to extract the sound from the tube (first bone, then wood), the sound man wanted to diversify.He noted that pipes of different lengths make sounds of different heights.The simplest (and therefore the oldest) solution was to tie together a number of different tubes and move it along the mouth structure.

Thus was born the tool best known by the Greek name syrinx, or Pan flute (in Greek myth, it has created a god Pan).But do not think that this flute was just the Greeks - in other nations it has existed under different names: ekuduchay in Lithuania, Moldova nai, kugikly in Russia.

distant descendants of this flute is such a complex and majestic instrument, the organ.

pipe, and flute

To extract the sounds of different heights, do not necessarily take several handsets, you can change the length of one having done her holes and blocking their fingers in certain combinations.Thus was born a tool that Russian have called a pipe, the Bashkirs - chicken, Belarusians - pipe, the Ukrainians - pipe, the Georgians - salamuri, Moldovans - fluer.

All these tools held across the face, it is called "longitudinal flute", but there is another construction in hole, into which air is injected, it is in the same plane as the finger holes.This flute - cross - was developed in the academic music, modern flute goes back exactly to it.A "descendant" flute - block flute - in the symphony orchestra is not included, although it is used in academic music.


tools, which were discussed above, belong to the whistling, but it is more complex structure: the instrument is provided with a socket into which the tongue - thin plate (initially - of birch bark), the oscillation which makes the sound moreloud and change its tone.

This design is characteristic of the Russian zhaleyka, Chinese sheng.There were similar instruments in Western Europe, they traced modern classical oboe and clarinet.


Another embodiment of a wind instrument - additional parts in contact with the lips of the musician, mouthpiece.This is typical of the horn.

horn is usually associated with the work of a shepherd.Indeed, the shepherds used the horns, because the sound of this tool is quite strong, it can be heard at a great distance.This is facilitated by the conical shape.

This is just a small part of the diversity of which are wind instruments of various nations.