Features art song
Performers art song often is compared with the national culture: lyrics in ancient Greece, psaltery players in Russia, the Ukraine kobzars.It is believed that the term "art song" was introduced by Vladimir Vysotsky.Bards on the one hand is separated from the professional stage, and on the other - from urban folklore.Chanson always longed to be free, independent, uncensored.Okudzhava describes it this way: "This is my cry, my joy, my pain from contact with reality."Any line of each author's song pierces personal principle.In addition, the personal and the manner of presentation are, and the nature of the lyrical and often scenic image of the author.Largely bards confessional.The measure of openness is much more than any pop
Chanson address is not everyone, but only those who are tuned to the same wavelength with the author, willing to listen and to share his feelings.The author-performer as it comes out of the audience and says the guitar about what everyone thinks.Every evening in club amateur song - is a meeting of friends who understand each other well and trust each other.According Okudzhava, bards - a "form of spiritual fellowship of like-minded."In contrast to the pop song is not in the author's officialdom, the distance between the performer and the audience, formal publicity.
among singer-songwriters "first call" (Okudzhava, Vizbor, Yakushev, Kim Rysev, Kukin, Nikitin and others) there was no professional musician.Some of them only with a high degree of conditionality could call himself a professional poet.Most of them are teachers, athletes, engineers, scientists, doctors, journalists, actors.They sang that worried them and their peers.Most often lyrical songs became geologists, mountaineers, sailors, soldiers, circus, yard "kings" - terse, but reliable people to whom you can rely.
history of art song in the USSR and Russia
Historians believe that the predecessor of the author's song was urban romance.Initially, most of the original songs were written by students or tourists.This music is strikingly different from that spread "from above", ie through government channels.Any author's song - a confession of its creator, the story of one of the episodes of the life of rhyme or point of view on a particular issue.It is believed that the origin of the genre put Nikolai Vlasov, who composed the famous "student farewell."Until now, many remember these words: "you go to the reindeer in the far Turkestan ... I'll leave."
In 1950 student author's songs became extremely popular.Almost everyone has heard the song L. Rozanov, D. Shangina-Berezovsky, D. Sukharev, who at that time studied at the Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, or Song Yu Vizbora A. Yakushev, Kim Yu - students of the Pedagogical Institute named in.and.Lenin.They played in the campaigns of the fire, during student trips, as well as smoke-filled kitchens.
With the advent of tape recorders authors recorded their works and their friends exchanged reels and cassettes.In 1960-1980 years of fruitful wrote in this genre Vladimir Vysotsky, Eugene Klyachkin, Alexander Galich, Yuri Kukin Alexander Mirzayan Vera Matveeva, Veronika Dolina, Leonid Semak, Alexander Dolský.Author's song for many years was one of the main forms of expression of their point of view, the so-called "men of the sixties".
Milestones art song
first of the dominant and clearly distinguishable stages of development of art song is a romantic.It dates back to the 1950 mid-1960s.In this vein, he wrote the famous Okudzhava.The road to such an author's song was presented as a line of life, and man - a stranger.One of the central image is a friendship.The authorities on the author's song of this step almost no attention, considering it as part of amateur skits, student reviews, tourist gatherings.
In the early 1960s began a satirical stage art song.One of the most prominent representatives is Alexander Galich.He owns such songs as "artisanal waltz", "Red Triangle", "Ask the boys," each of which sharply criticized the existing system.Julius Kim turned first to the ironic, and then to the satirical treatment of the reality around him a little later (mid-1960).He frankly and bluntly in their songs drew attention to the issues of the day ("My Mother Russia", "The conversation of the two informers" and others).Some of their songs Kim and Galich devote Soviet dissidents.Vladimir Vysotsky continued to adhere to the line of protest songs.It includes the texts vernacular and harsh words.Chanson from intellectual circles goes to "the people."
In a separate step, which is difficult to take in any time frame, usually distinguished military songs.They were not heroic pathos.In the author's song from World War II was a human face, distorted with suffering ("Goodbye, boys!" Okudzhava, "As it happened, the men were gone," Vladimir Vysotsky, "The Ballad of eternal fire" Alexander Galich).
frankly satirical songs, as, indeed, and songs on military theme, attracted the attention of the authorities.In 1981, the Moscow rally was held XXV club amateur song, and then through the All had been sent a letter, which instructed to refuse to provide venues Tkachev, Mirzayanov, Kim.They stopped writing for radio, television invite.Alexander Galich was forced to emigrate.The magnetic tapes with the author's songs rewritten actively spread among friends and acquaintances.The members of the Writers' Union strongly supported "singing poets", and members of the Union of Composers - actively criticized amateur music.However, Song S. Nikitin, A. Dulova V. Berkovskii and some other authors included in the song collections, focused on ordinary Soviet people.
author left his student days, matured.They began to talk about nostalgia for past times, to talk about betrayal, regret the loss of friends, criticize ideals, anxiously thinking about the future.This stage of development of art song is usually determined as a lyrical romantic.
In the 1990s, the author has ceased to be a song of protest.The number of singing poets grew steadily.They are without any restrictions released albums, performed at concerts and festivals.On TV and radio transmission were dedicated to the author's song.