first mention of Gzhel found in written sources for 1339 Based on the information found, Gzhel was one of the lucrative townships and are the property of the great Moscow princes and kings.Since the 16th century, potters from Gzhel began to bring to Moscow the remaining stocks of ceramic pottery and clay to potters from Yauzskaya settlement.They drop in at the local fair, where he met with picturesque products of masters from different parts of Russia.

In the 70s - 80s18th century Gzhel became a center of the Russian manufacture majolica.Very popular across the country began to use here made pitchers kvass and kumgans.Some products were highlighted decorative.For example, a pitcher could be made in the form of a two-headed ea
gle, a mug of kvass - a lion with open mouth.In addition to the dishes, the master of creating fun figures of people and animals.In the painting Gzhel majolica mainly used 4 colors: blue, green, yellow and brown.On the product portrayed fabulous towers and magic herbs, rural landscapes and scenes from everyday life, birds and animals.

Most researchers believe that the tradition of paint products on the snow-white background of cobalt, which gives a blue color after firing, appeared in Gzheli under the influence of blue and white Chinese porcelain.In the 19th century Gzhel switched to production polufayans who began to paint with cobalt and coated with a transparent glaze.However, unlike porcelain, polufayans - rather coarse material from which the thick-walled articles.The painting becomes smaller landscapes, dominated by floral ornaments, combined with geometric elements.

In the second quarter of the 19th century, thanks to the use of new materials and the improvement of the ceramic mass, the masters of Gzhel began to create products from a thin-walled pottery and porcelain decorated become a traditional plant-geometrical ornaments.

Today, the word "Gzhel" conjures up a fabulous beauty and subtle harmony of amazing blue-and-white products.Artists Gzheli create the dishes of traditional forms, decorating it with stucco figures.Although the products retain their functionality, they are mainly used for decorative purposes.Besides, it does not stop the tradition of making small plastic - separate figures of people and animals and entire decorative compositions.