From the history of monumental painting
first works of monumental painting of the mural can be considered in the caves at Lascaux, Altamira others.It is widely used in burial and temples of ancient Egypt, as well as virtually no extant Mycenaean architecture.
Since the early antiquity, monumental painting became the main decorative element in the decoration of stone, concrete and masonry structures.Frescoes and mosaics have been widely used in the temple architecture of Byzantium and thus had a great influence on monumental art of ancient Russia. Modern masters of monumental painting boldly combine painting with sculptural forms, using new art materials - synthetic paints, ceramic mosaic relief.
In the art of the Middle Ages had a great development stained glass t
echnique.The great masters of the Renaissance created many grand in conception and embodiment of frescoes.Today, artists are actively exploring new techniques and materials to create frescoes and mosaics.
The characteristics of monumental painting
By the monumental painting include stained glass, frescoes, mosaic decoration of buildings.Speaking in the synthesis of architecture, works of monumental art is often an important semantic dominant of the ensemble. decorating walls, facades, ceilings give monumental painting close architecturally-decorative art ornamental qualities.Therefore, it is often referred to as decorative and monumental art.
In figurative thematic content to distinguish between monumental and decorative painting and works that have features of monumentality.Both directions follow from the features of this type of painting - synthetical and direct connection with the architectural objects.
usually figurative compositions featured on the facades and interiors embody the most common philosophical and social ideas of the time.This dictates the stateliness of forms.Works that possess traits of monumentality, typical of socially meaningful content.Thus, the founder of the Mexican school of monumental painting of Siqueiros in his paintings of the National Preparatory School, Palace of Fine Arts, the National History Museum displayed the most acute political events.
other works of the founder of the Mexican school of monumental painting - Diego Rivera - openly publicistic, historical and informative.He used the monumental painting as a means of propaganda, agitation and education.