main types of sculpture


sculpture usually divided into two main types: round and relief.Round sculpture is placed freely in the space, it is possible to get around and see all sides.To works of this type include statues, figurines, a bust and a sculptural group.

three-dimensionality of sculpture - a very important quality.At its inspection image can be perceived differently from different points of view.For example, the famous "Maenad" Scopas when you change the angle as if the next position takes frenzied Dionysian dance.

Relief - a three-dimensional image on a plane that forms the background.Depending on the height and depth of the images are divided into reliefs bas-relief, high relief and counter-reliefs.

bas-reliefs called low relief, in which the image appea
rs above the plane of the background no more than half of its volume.Bas met often in the art of ancient Egypt.

High relief - a high relief, in which the image appears above the plane of the background for more than half of its volume.Widely known high reliefs of the Parthenon depicting the battle of the gods and the Titans and the battle of the Greeks and Amazons.High reliefs adorn one of the seven wonders of the world - the Pergamon Altar.

kontrrelefy - is an in-depth relief.Most often it is used for the manufacture of seals.The technique kontrrelefy made and one of the monuments of Anna Akhmatova, established in 2006 in St. Petersburg.

Classification sculpture on the content and functions


In addition, the content and functions are divided into monumental sculpture, easel and small sculptures.

monumental sculpture placed on the streets and squares, urban parks and gardens.It includes monuments, memorials and monuments.

Indoor sculpture designed for small spaces and close quarters.It includes such types of composition, as the head, bust, figure or group.For example, the world-famous bust of Queen Nefertiti can serve as a classic example of easel sculpture.

Small sculptures intended for interior decoration.As a rule, it include small figurines, as well as medals, gems and coins.

Sculpture today is one of the most popular types of fine art.Sculptures adorn the squares and streets of major cities, gardens and fountains complexes, museum halls and common residential interiors.