All kinds of art, according to the classicists, should be established according to certain canons.At the same time they are more interested in the eternal - that which remains unchanged.In all, they wanted to see the most important, significant, typical.Art is in the aesthetics of classicism given to the educational function.
to classicism is important not only the pattern, but strictly ordered.All genres were divided into high and low.High considered an ode, tragedy, epic.Low - satire, comedy and a fable.Mixing the essential features of genres not allowed.Heroes strictly divided into positive and negative.Subjects were chosen heroic, mainly from ancient art.There were
three important principles: unity of place and unity of time and unity of action.The work should be one storyline, events must take place in one location and placed on time in one day.Thus, the slim clear composition, certain themes, plots, characters types, clarity and simplicity of meaning - all part of the aesthetics of classicism.But often, the images seem frozen in classicism, as devoid of individual traits, rather, it is the embodiment of a social character.
In the age of classicism special architecture flourished.It was inherent in planning, clear lines and strict voluminous shapes, symmetrical composition, restraint decorative.At the heart of the classical architectural style is antique warrant.Obvious examples of this style of architecture in Russia is considered the Senate Building and the Kazan Cathedral in St. - Petersburg.
founder of classical painting is considered to be the French painter Nicolas Poussin.His paintings on classical and biblical subjects - samples of classic art.Striking beauty and grace, clarity of lines and sublime paintings by Francois Boucher.
classicism flourished in Russia later than in Europe - in the 18th century, thanks to the reforms of Peter I. The special merit belongs to the University, it was he reformed the Russian poetry, developed the "theory of the three styles" (styles), adapting the French theorythree principles to the Russian reality and art.