a 5 - 3.BC.China's territory inhabited by tribes who created the settlement of small mud huts.They were engaged in farming and animal husbandry, possessed many crafts.They created was named Yangshao pottery.It is a vessel of pale yellow or reddish-brown baked clay, is unusually regular shape.The vessels covered by complex geometric patterns composed of triangles, spirals, circles and diamonds, as well as images of animals, considered the patron of the tribes.
in 2.BC, in the valley of the Yellow River, formed by the first slave state Shang.The most interesting works
of art of this period were the tombs.Their central chamber was placed at a depth of about 10 meters. It was a double sarcophagus, which is painted and inlaid with mother of pearl colors.The burial was placed numerous precious objects made of carved jade, snow-white ceramics, gold and jade, as well as decorative bronze swords and other things that were needed for the afterlife.There is also plenty of luxury bronze vessels, decorated with the finest geometric patterns.From the depth of engraving if grow new relief patterns.Ceramic vessels of the Shang period, sometimes carried out in the form of birds and animals that were considered guardians of human life - the owl, tapir and tiger.
In mid-1.BC.simplified form of bronze vessels, replacing complex relief ornament come hunting scenes, in the technique of inlaying colored metals.There are many exquisite items, destined for nobility.Among them - round bronze mirrors, which are polished on the front side and inlaid with silver and gold from the back, lacquered furniture and musical instruments, articles of carved wood and stone.
Highest elevation Art of Ancient China reached 1 in.BC.- 3.BCBurials of the period characterized by a special scale.Notable people buried in huge tombs, the walls of which were laid with ceramic or stone tiles and the ceiling supported by columns, is completing a pair of dragons.Burial led Alley Spirits, guarding the grave, framed by statues of animals.In its inner part could enter through a stone door, which depicts the four corners of the world watchmen: Tiger (west), Phoenix (south), dragon (east) and turtles (north).The graves are painted clay models of residential interiors in detail reproducing the life period of the Han.They found a bronze mirror with a variety of relief patterns, incense as a "paradise" of the sacred mountain of immortality Boshan, lamps representing animals or graceful maidens, holding a lantern in his hand, bronze and clay vessels and figures of galloping horses, musicians, dancers and servants.