Articles made of bronze - an alloy of copper tin - have replaced copper products.Bronze melts at a lower temperature than copper, articles of more durable.The appearance of bronze products contributed to the development of agriculture and the economy in general, which has led to the emergence of the first states - it was the civilization of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Syria and the Eastern Mediterranean.At the same time, there are large areas where the preserved way, characteristic of the previous epoch - the Chalcolithic and the Bronze Age.

tools and weapons



Speaking about the appearance of bronze tools, we should not assume that they completely replaced the stone - throughout the Bronze Age and those other instruments were used in parallel.Some
types of stone tools work in quality superior to bronze - even in the early Iron Age limestone blocks that built the Egyptian pyramids, it was treated with stone tools, bronze metal was too soft for that.In addition, deposits of metals needed for the manufacture of bronze, are not everywhere.

first bronze implements were created on the model of the stone.For example, the most ancient bronze ax - flat Celt - shaped like a stone.In the future, there ax blade, forge on each side, there are parts designed to firmly attach to a wooden ax handle.Likewise, developing and bronze spear.It is noteworthy that some of the details, losing functional significance, are as decorative elements - such as rivets on the spears.

Art



Art Bronze Age has not yet acquired self values.It was closely linked to religious beliefs.The oldest is the arts and crafts.

In many cultures of the Bronze Age ceramics played an important role - for example, in Mesopotamia.Stoneware decorated with ornaments bearing certain mythological meaning: female figures with flowing hair, cross-shaped image, symbolizing the sun.Look

architecture of a civilization defined building materials available in the region.In Mesopotamia it was clay, was influenced not only architecture, but also in writing: on clay tablets was convenient squeeze stick signs in the form of wedges, so there cuneiform.It invented a frame for making adobe, which allowed to build temples and palaces of a rectangular shape.They trimmed imported materials - wood and stone.Egyptians mastered adobe until the end of the Bronze Age, but the Egyptian pottery ancient Mesopotamia.

In Europe, the Bronze Age associated with the heyday of the Minoan civilization of Crete.The most famous monument of the Minoan culture - the Palace of Knossos, featuring Baroque architecture and the complexity of the plan.Murals on the walls of the palace depict animals, birds, plants, people perform various ceremonies.It is noteworthy that among the human figures in the frescoes no audio static - they are full of movement.The same can be said of numerous statuettes found in the palace.

in 12-13 centuries.BC.many cultures of the Bronze Age dissolve or modify occur grandiose migration of peoples.At this time, it begins the development of the iron, which eventually oust bronze implements.Ends Bronze Age and Iron begins.