is important for Russia's membership in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).On the territory of the CIS countries outside Russia live 20 million Russians and Russian people.This organization, being established in 1991 after the collapse of the USSR, including a majority of former Soviet republics except the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania).In 2014, CIS includes, in addition to the Russian Federation, Belarus, Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.Ukraine de facto part of the CIS, but has not signed the Charter.Do not sign the Charter and Turkmenistan, while declaring themselves as "associate members" of the organization.Georgia following the conflict with Russia withdrew from the CIS i
n 2009, Russia has a function of protection of the external borders of CIS countries in Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Another geopolitically important for the Russian organization - the EurAsEC Customs Union, which along with it includes Belarus and Kazakhstan.The organization is a form of trade and economic integration, which provides a single customs territory.Within this territory does not apply economic restrictions and customs duties.
the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) comprises Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.The area of this regional organization of the country accounts for 60% of the territory of Eurasia.The main objectives of the SCO proclaimed - the strengthening of security and stability, economic cooperation, energy partnership, cultural and scientific cooperation, the fight against terrorism, extremism and separatism.
Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is a military-political union, which in its present form has existed since 2002.The CSTO includes Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia.The stated purpose of the organization - the protection of the joint efforts of the territorial and economic space of the member states against military aggression, terrorism and natural disasters.
After the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has been legally recognized as a successor State of the USSR.So she took the place of the former Soviet Union in the UN Security Council and a number of other organizations.
United Nations (UN) is considered perhaps the main among those that emerged after World War II.It was established in 1945 with the purpose of maintaining peace in the different regions of the planet.It has considerable financial capacity, the machinery of government, and even the armed forces.Russia was one of the countries taking part in the creation of the United Nations.And as the victorious powers in World War II, it became one of the highest executive body of the organization - the UN Security Council, which is to this day.In this regard, Russia has a veto, that is,the right to impose a ban on any decision of the UN decision.
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) - one of those where Russia is a party.The aim of the OSCE - to maintain security and peace in Europe.
addition to the above, the Russian part of the organizations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Council, the Council of Baltic Sea States (CBSS), the Barents / Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC), the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), the United NationsEducational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the World Bank Group, the Universal Postal Union, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the International Aeronautical Federation (FAI), the Asian Parliamentary Assembly (APA) andetc.