prison system in Russia
Kinds of correctional facilities in the Russian Federation are correctional and educational colonies, prisons, detention centers, treatment and correctional facilities.They are organically included in the state system of correction of convicts and are an integral part of it.
view of the institution in which the convicted person will be contained, determined by the court.At the same time it takes into account many factors, such as age, sex, severity of the offense for the first time or re-convicted prosecuted and so on. All the features allow you to choose the right person for a particular version of the hotfix.The Court presumes that a person in a correctional facility inmates should have the least possible detrimental effect on the
convict.In addition, the Russian penitentiary system laid guarantees preservation of personal freedom of the prisoner.
In Russia there are several types of correctional colonies.They are serving sentences adult convicts.In a penal colony for prisoners convicted of crimes that are not serious.People, which imposed the penalty for the most serious crimes, contained in a penal colony.The third type of colonies - special regime.They identify repeat offenders, those who have replaced the death penalty with life imprisonment.There are also a penal colony - the easiest prison.Accordingly, these prisoners who have committed offenses by negligence, in a penal colony get people translated for good behavior of the colony.
for repeat offenders - prison for a minor - a colony
Not to be confused and the prison colony.This is another view of the correctional institution in which the convicted determined for more than five years.In addition, prison can be transferred from the convict colony, if it is the worst offender regime.Prisons are special and strict regime.
In addition, the Russian penitentiary system involves the serving of punishment by persons under 18 years of age.They are held in educational labor colonies.There may be people until they reach the age of 21, if they were a colony of up to 18 years.
At present the Russian prison system needs to be reformed.The reason is the high percentage of morbidity in correctional facilities, places a high mortality rate.Especially increased mortality in Russian prisons and colonies observed in the mid 90s.This was due to the difficult situation in Russia.Today the situation has improved somewhat.Life and content people who are serving, human rights defenders.They follow the rules of detention and the rights of prisoners.