In the modern Russian law legal term "treason" No, but there is an article in the Criminal Code - high treason.Under this concept means any dangerous criminal act directed against the existing constitutional order.And it is this: "espionage, disclosure of state secrets or other assistance to a foreign state, a foreign organization or their representatives in hostile activities to the detriment of the external security of the Russian Federation, by a citizen of the Russian Federation" (Art. 275 of the Criminal Code).
Treason today - one of the few crimes for which Russia put the confiscation of property and the death penalty.Moreover, such sentences are passed, however, they come into force with a delay of punishment in view of the moratorium on the death penalty in Russia.
Interestingly, only in the modern Russian legislation provides a measure of decompensation, so if a citizen, who was involved in the changes in a timely manner informed and provided the competent authorities with complete and reliable information on the act and help prevent further damage to the stateHe is exempt from criminal prosecution.
in Russia during the formation of the Soviet Union treason, as now, was considered a particularly dangerous crime, but the list of "misconduct" that could become a betrayal was quite extensive.For example, it was considered treason "plundering socialist property" and that definition, and got a fire caused by negligence, for example, in the building of the country club, and write-offs of old equipment due to waste.
considered treason ... and a poor harvest.Iepriori agronomist had thus follow the crops to all weather conditions the country received a number of planned production.
Joke of general secretary, a rude word to the party leader or the military, inaccurate execution of the order - they are also high treason in the Soviet.
Many families have relatives who were arrested with the wording "high treason."Relatives of "traitors" struggle to survive in such conditions, sinceThey are often denied jobs, evicted from their homes, were not allowed to pursue higher education and so forth. In order to somehow insure themselves people joined the Communist Party, agreed to cooperate with the Cheka, the KGB, but it did not save.Not only ordinary employees, but also heads of the organizations charged with treason.At the time, these people just arrived - were sentenced to death.While the wording in the affairs of "traitors" were more than serious: a spoil, damage, destruction, etc.
clear that most clearly your attitude to motherland manifested precisely in difficult times: the war, during the conflict.But how often such a betrayal understand "actions against the constitutional order or the ruling regime."At all times the sentences were different.For example, during the Soviet era it was the 64th article, which specifies the period - 10-25 years, or the highest measure.But in the case of a prison sentence, the punishment is not limited, as"Traitor" usually refers (Magadan, Urengoi, Omsk, Siberia mines), where he himself died from harsh living conditions.