reasons for the collapse.
In December 1991, the heads of the republics of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia signed an agreement in the Bialowieza Forest on the establishment of the SSG.This document actually meant the collapse of the Soviet Union.The political map of the world began to look different.
First, you need to determine the order because of what was a global disaster, to try to objectively assess the situation.There are many reasons.This degradation of the ruling elites, "the era's funeral," which was turned into a powerful state is not very powerful, and problems in the economy that have long been demanding effective reforms.This also can be attributed to strict censorship, deep internal crises, including the increased nationalism in the republics.
naive to believe that the so-formed stars and
the state broke through events coincided.Not asleep, and the main political opponent of the Soviet Union, imposing an arms race in which the Soviet Union, taking into account all existing problems, was unable to succeed.We must pay tribute to the intelligence and insight of Western geopolitics, who managed to undermine and destroy the seemingly unshakable "Soviet car." Soviet Union broke up into 15 states.In 1991 he appeared on the map of the world: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan.
Cold War, which resulted in the collapse of the Soviet Union, is not reduced solely to indirect clashes at various fronts in countries such as Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan.The Cold War took place in the minds and hearts of the citizens of the USSR and the USA.Western propaganda was more sophisticated.All of their mass riots and discontent with the US and its allies have turned into the show.Hippies could preach love instead of war and the authorities quietly allowed them to declare their view, nevertheless continuing to stick to their policy.In the Soviet Union harshly suppressed dissent.And when I think "differently" was allowed, it was too late.A wave of discontent, heated from the outside (and the fifth column has actively participated) was unstoppable.
cause of the collapse was a lot, but if you simplify things, you can come to the conclusion that the Soviet Union collapsed because of the jeans, chewing gum and Coca-Cola.There were too many "forbidden fruit", which in fact turned out to be a dud.
options to resolve the situation.
probably could not prevent the collapse of the USSR.What would be the ideal solution for the state, for the country, for the people is hard to say without knowing all the unknown factors.As an example, we can consider the People's Republic of China, which, thanks to a flexible action by the authorities was able to escape the crisis of the socialist system.
However, do not underestimate the national component.Although the Soviet Union, and China - the multinational state, the peoples of China and the Soviet Union is not identical.The difference between the culture and history makes itself felt.Need
had the idea for the people.It was necessary to come up with an alternative to the "American Dream", which teased from across the ocean of Soviet citizens.In the 30-ies., When the people of the Soviet Union believed in the ideals of communism, the country has turned from an agrarian into an industrial in record time.In the 40-ies.not without believing in the just cause of the Soviet Union defeated the enemy, which is the military power at that time was stronger.In the 50-ies.People were ready for the common good shag on enthusiasm.In the 60-ies.The Soviet Union sent the first man into space.The Soviet people have conquered the mountain tops, made scientific discoveries, beat the world record.All this happened largely because of the belief in a brighter future and for the good of his people. For more than 20 years on most economic and social indicators of the country's newly formed significantly rolled back.
Then gradually the situation began to deteriorate.People began to realize utopian ideals of the past.The government continued to blindly stick to their line without considering the possible alternatives of development.Aging primitive Soviet leaders reacted to the provocations of the West, getting involved in unnecessary military conflicts.Outrageously sprawling bureaucracy thought mostly about his welfare than to the needs of the people for whom these originally "national" bodies were created.
was no need to "tighten the screws" where this is not the situation demanded.Then the "forbidden fruit" would not so desirable, and schemers West would lose his main weapons.Instead of mindless repetition obviously utopian ideals had time to pay attention to the needs of people at a time.And not in any way alternate "thaw" and other liberal with rigid restrictions.Domestic and foreign policy should be conducted strictly justified for the sake of national interests, but without excesses.