Guide
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By the abdication of Nicholas II, brought a series of events and upheavals that occurred during the period of his reign.His renunciation, held on 2 March 1917, is one of the key events that led the country to the February Revolution of 1917, and the transformation of Russia.Consideration should be given an error Nikolai II, which in their totality, and brought him to his own abdication.
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error first.Currently, the abdication of Nicholas Romanov, from the throne, was widely perceived in different ways.It is believed that the origin of the so-called "royal persecution" was started in festive celebrations for the c
oronation of the new emperor.Then on Khodynka there was one of the most terrible and cruel hustles in the history of Russia, which killed and wounded more than 1,500 civilians.It was recognized as a cynical decision to continue the festivities newly Emperor and give an evening ball in the same day, in spite of what had happened.This event has forced many people spoke of Nicholas II as a cynical and heartless man.
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second error.Nicholas II understood that in the management of "sick" state had to change something, but chose not to do those methods.The fact that the emperor went the wrong way, declaring war on Japan hasty.It happened in 1904.Historians recall that Nicholas II was seriously hoping for a quick and with minimal losses to deal with the enemy, thus awakening patriotism in Russians.But this was his fatal mistake: Russia then suffered a humiliating defeat, lost South Sakhalin and the Far and the fortress of Port Arthur.
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third error.A major defeat in the Russian-Japanese war did not go unnoticed by the Russian society.Across the country, swept the protests, unrest and demonstrations.It was enough to hate acting tops.People all over Russia not only demanded the abdication of Nicholas II from the throne, but also throughout the complete overthrow of the monarchy.Discontent is growing every day.In the famous "Bloody Sunday" January 9, 1905, the year the people came to the walls of the Winter Palace complaining of unbearable life.Emperor at that time the palace was not - he was vacationing with his family in the homeland of the poet Pushkin - in Tsarskoye Selo.That was his next mistake.
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It is "convenient" coincidence (the king is not in the palace) allowed provocation which had prepared the national organizer of the march - the priest Georgi Gapon, take over.Unbeknownst to the emperor and, moreover, without his orders opened fire on peaceful people.That Sunday killed women and old people, and even children.This provocation has killed all the people's faith in the tsar and the fatherland.Then they were shot more than 130 people, and several hundred - injured.The Emperor, having learned about it, was not a little shocked and overwhelmed by the tragedy.He understood that antiromanovsky mechanism has already started, and no turning back.But the king did not end the error.
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fourth error.In such hard times, Nicholas II decided to get involved in the First World War.Then in 1914, the year between Austria-Hungary and Serbia started the military conflict, and Russia decided to make the defense of a small Slavic state.This led her to a "duel" with Germany declared war on Russia.Since then, the country Mykolaiv faded before his eyes.The Emperor did not know what to pay for all this not only for its denial, but the death of his entire family.The war dragged on for many years, the army and the entire state were extremely dissatisfied with this foul Tsarist regime.Imperial power has actually lost its force.
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Then, in Petrograd, the Provisional Government was established, consisting of the enemies of the king - Milyukov, Guchkov and Kerensky.They pressured Nikolai II, opened his eyes to the true state of affairs both in the country and on the world stage.Nikolai could no longer bear this burden of responsibility.He decided to abdicate.When the king did this, his entire family was arrested, but after some time shot with the former emperor.It was the night of 16 June 17, 1918.Of course, no one can accurately claim that if the Emperor has revised his views on foreign policy, it is not brought to the country to handle.What happened, happened.Historians can only speculate.