Triple Alliance

basis of the Triple Alliance was formed in two stages, in the period from 1879 to 1882.The first participants were Germany and Austria-Hungary, which entered into an agreement in 1879, and in 1882 it also became Italy.Italy does not fully share the policy of the Union in particular had a non-aggression agreement with Great Britain, in case of conflict with Germany last.Thus, in the Triple Alliance included most of Central and Eastern Europe from the Baltic to the Mediterranean Sea, some countries of the Balkan Peninsula, and western Ukraine, then part of Austria-Hungary.

Almost two years after the war, in 1915, Italy, which suffered huge financial losses, withdrew from the Triple Alliance and joined the Allies.At the same time on the side of Germany and Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire rose and Bulgaria.After their entry into the unit was renamed the Quadruple Alliance (or Central Powers).

Entente

military-political blocs Entente (from the French "consent") is also formed at once, and was a response to the rapidly growing influence and aggressive policy of the Triple Alliance.Creation of the Entente can be divided into three stages.

In 1891, the Russian Empire has signed a union agreement with France, which in 1892 was added a defensive convention.In 1904, the United Kingdom, saw a threat to its policy on the part of the Triple Alliance, formed an alliance with France, and in 1907 and the Russian empire.Thus was formed the backbone of the Entente, which became the Russian Empire, the French Republic and the British Empire.

It is these three countries, and also joined in 1915, Italy and the Republic of San Marino, took the most active part in the war on the side of the Entente, but actually in the block at different stages joined 26 other states.

from the Balkan region into a war with the Triple Alliance joined Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Romania.In other European countries, add to the list, were Belgium and Portugal.

Latin America almost at full strength were on the side of the Entente.It was supported by Ecuador, Uruguay, Peru, Bolivia, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Haiti, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Cuba and Panama.Northern neighbor, the United States, members of the Entente was not included, but took part in the war on its side as an independent ally.

war also affected several countries in Asia and Africa.In these regions, on the side of the Entente made by China and Japan, Siam, Hijaz and Liberia.