After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire of its territories in the Middle East was under the control of Great Britain under a mandate of the League of Nations.In 1947, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution, according to which the British Mandate ceased, and recommended the establishment of the territory in 1948 two states - Arab and Jewish.

Arab community is considered unjust partition of Palestine, as many Arabs living in the territory, which, according to the UN plan, was given to the Jewish state.Immediately after the proclamation of Israel in May 1948, the Arab League announced the new country of war.In the attack on Israel was attended by Egypt, Syria, Transjordan, Iraq and Lebanon.Thus began the Arab-Israeli conflict, stretched for many years.

Gaza



Gaza - it is an area of ​​360 square meters.km from the capital city of G
aza.In the north-east it borders with Israel, and in the south-west - with Egypt.

United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine suggested that the Gaza Strip will be part of the Arab states, but it has not been created as a result of the war that began in 1948.In the course of this war, Gaza was occupied by Egypt and remained under its control until 1967.In the Gaza Strip moved many Arabs, especially living in the territory, cast Israel.The population of the territory is composed by two-thirds of these refugees and their descendants.

Since the 50s of the 20th century, the territory of Israel from the Gaza Strip regularly penetrated terrorist groups, arranging sabotage and terrorist acts.The Israeli army to take retaliatory raids.Actions Arab terrorists dictate the need for Israel to take the Gaza Strip under its control.

The fight for Gaza



Israel has managed to establish control over the Gaza Strip in 1956, but three months later, through the efforts of the United States and the Soviet Union, he was returned to Egypt.

In 1967, during the Six Day War between Israel and several Arab countries, the Gaza Strip was again under Israeli control.The residents are not forced to take Israeli citizenship, but in the territory began to create Jewish settlements.UN and other international organizations considered this a violation of international law, but Israel disagreed, saying that earlier this territory does not belong to another state, so I think it can not be occupied.The existence of Israeli settlements and has become a major point of contention in the Gaza Strip.

In 2005, all Israeli citizens have been evacuated from the area, and troops have withdrawn, but the control of the airspace and territorial waters has been saved.In this connection, the Gaza Strip is still considered the territories occupied by Israel.At the same time from the Gaza Strip made rocket attacks on Israel, which was the reason for the military operations undertaken by Israel in 2008 and 2012.

situation in the Gaza Strip remains tense.And Israeli and Palestinian commentators recognize that the territory has become an enclave of terrorism.