hypothesis of the origin of the word "Rus»
There are several hypotheses for the origin of the word "Russia".They differ from each other, but each has its own rationale.
Slavic hypothesis states that in VIII-IX centuries.tribe was among the eastern Slavs, who entered the middle reaches of the Dnieper River from Kiev and the river Ros to its tributary rossaveal.At the mouth of the Ros was native town.In this city Yaropolk fled from his brother Vladimir the Saint.When the Vikings raided the place, they began to call the land of Rus.
According Sarmatian hypothesis, it was assumed that the Rus were direct descendants of the Sarmatian tribes and Roxolani rosomanov.From these names over time, and there was the word Russia.This theory is also of Mikhail Lomonosov.
Swedish hypothesis proposes the theory that the VI to the IX century nort
hwestern Russia populated Finnish tribes.The Swedes, who in the guise of Norman and Varangian visited this land, nicknamed the Finnish tribes Ruotsi, Roots, Rotsi.There
and military hypothesis that when infancy Old Russian state, military caste called "Rus".Later, "Rus" started calling form of government, and then the whole nation.
origin of the word «Russia»
Constantine Porphyrogenitus in his writings "On ceremonies" for the first time used the word "Russ".Greeks, Byzantines pronounced Russ Rousseau.The term "Russ" was used during the time of Ivan III, but at that time did not receive an official status.
first Grand Duchy of Moscow was headed by Ivan III.January 16, 1547 after the adoption of the title of Prince Ivan IV was proclaimed king of the realm of Russian and Byzantine style, it was called the Russian kingdom.Why the name stuck Russian realm, not Russian or Russiya - is unknown, perhaps the name change has affected the river Ros, and perhaps Russian was just a lot easier because of the peculiarities of articulation to pronounce the word "Russia".
«Russian kingdom" was the official name of present-day Russia until 1721.In 1721 Peter I declared the Russian Empire.During his reign, the term "Russia" was finally secured.On the coins of Peter I was engraved "Peter A. King, the Lord of All Russia."
Actually now the name "Russia" does not go beyond the boundaries of the Russian and other East countries as Russia in Greek and Latin sounds like "Russ" in English says "Rush."Theories about the origin of the name are still appearing.