March 5, 1946, the Cold War - the confrontation between the USSR and the US in the geopolitical, ideological, economic and military matters.Each side had its Allies: the Soviet Union cooperated with Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland, China, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Mongolia and many other countries, and the US side took many European countries, Japan, Thailand, Israel, Turkey.
only about a hundred countries participated in the confrontation, which can not be considered a war in the conventional sense of the word.Confrontation accompanied by the arms race, at certain times there are situations that threaten the deployment of a real war, but before that it never came, and in 1991 in connection with the collapse of th
e Soviet Union Cold War ended.
Since the early years of the Cold War, countries that do not participate in this opposition, called the third world.It was an arena of political action on both sides: Nato and the Warsaw Pact vied for influence in these areas.Although in 1952 the term was first used in its modern sense - as an underdeveloped, economically backward states and territories.
A French scientist has compared the third world with the third estate in the community.And already in 1980, Third World countries began to call those that had low income among the population.Although since then, some of these countries have managed not only to escape from the third world, but also to pass on the economic development of a second, the socialist world, and the former states of the developed socialism entered a difficult time.
Third World countries
Today Third World countries, according to the terminology of the United Nations, referred to all developing nations - that is, those that can not be assigned to the advanced industrial world.This is a fairly subjective characteristics: some have a very backward economy - Togo, Somalia, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Guatemala, Tahiti, others are of good level of development - Philippines, Syria, Egypt, Tunisia, Peru.
But all these countries have several common characteristics, which allow them to combine.Firstly, they all have the colonial period in its history - that is ever captured by the world powers.The consequences of that time is still reflected in their culture, economy and politics.Secondly, in those countries, even though the development of industrial activities, along with her side by side pre-industrial types of production.Many sectors of the economy developed unequally.Third, the state actively intervenes in the economy, to accelerate the pace of growth - this process is called statism.