Communism as such
Communism - a term derived from the Latin word commūnis («common») means "perfect world" model of society in which there is no social inequality, there is no private property and everyone has the right toolsproduction, ensure the existence of society as a whole.The concept of communism also included a gradual reduction of the role of government and its subsequent withering away as useless, as well as money, and the responsibility of every person to society under the slogan "From each according to ability - to each according to his needs."By themselves, the definition of "communism", the data in different sources differ, though voiced general ideas.
basic ideas of communism
In 1848 Karl Marx formulated the basic te
nets of Communism - the sequence of steps and changes that will make possible the transition from the capitalist model of society to a communist.He read it in the "Communist Manifesto", published on 21 February.
The basic idea of the manifesto was the alienation of private land ownership and land use charges There are fees for the state treasury instead of private owners.In addition, according to the teachings of Marx, was to impose a tax, depending on the level of security of paying, the state monopoly on the banking system - the centralization of credit in the hands of the state through a national bank with one hundred percent state capital, and the transfer of the entire transport system in the hands of the state (eminent domainon the transport line).
labor liabilities in the form of labor groups were introduced for all without exception, especially in the field of agriculture, he abolished the principle of the transfer of the inheritance and ownership alienated immigrants in the state.We had to build a new state factories, creating, first of all, new means of production.Planned introduction of a centralized agriculture by the state and under its control.Particular importance was attached to the union of agriculture and industry, the gradual merger of towns and villages, eliminating differences between them.In addition, should have been introduced a free general education and upbringing of children and educational activities, combined with the production process, abolished child labor in factories.
In Russia these ideas were embodied in the Marxist-Leninist philosophy, idealogii working class, calling for the overthrow of capitalism and the proletariat's struggle to build a communist society.Marxism-Leninism was officially established as a state idealogii USSR Constitution of 1977, and as such lasted until the collapse of the Soviet Union.