occupation of Germany
At the end of May 1945 the territory of the former Nazi Germany was divided into several parts.From Empire departed Austria.Alsace and Lorraine back under the protection of France.Czechoslovakia won back the Sudetenland.Statehood was restored in Luxembourg. part of Polish territory annexed by the Germans in 1939, returned to its composition.The eastern part of Prussia was divided between the USSR and Poland.
The rest of Germany was divided into four allied occupation zone, where control was carried out, Soviet, British, American and French military authorities.Countries that participated in the occupation of the German states, agreed to conduct a coordinated
policy, the basic principles of which were denazification and demilitarization of the former German Empire.
A few years later, in 1949, on the territory of the US, British and French zones of occupation was proclaimed German - Federal Republic of Germany, which became the capital of Bonn.Western politicians thus planned to create in this part of the German state, based on a capitalist model which could be a springboard for a possible war with the communist regime.
Americans have provided considerable assistance to the new bourgeois German states.Thanks to the support of the Federal Republic of Germany has quickly become transformed into an economically developed state.In the 50s, even talked about the "German economic miracle". countries need cheap labor, which has become a major source of Turkey.
How did the German Democratic Republic
response to the creation of Germany was the proclamation of the constitution of another German Republic - GDR.This happened in October 1949, five months after the formation of West Germany.In this way, the Soviet government decided to confront the aggressive intentions of the former allies and to create in Western Europe a kind of bulwark of socialism.
Constitution of the German Democratic Republic proclaimed its citizens democratic freedoms.This document has also secured the leading role of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.For a long time the Soviet Union to assist the Government of the GDR political and economic assistance.
However, industrial growth GDR embarked on a socialist path of development significantly lagged behind its western neighbor.But this did not prevent East Germany to become a developed industrial country, which also intensively developed agriculture.After a series of violent democratic change in the GDR, the unity of the German nation was restored, October 3rd, 1990 West and East Germany became a unified state.