Implementation of the citizens of their right to vote is the most important form of participation in government.The relevant procedures and electoral rules are usually fixed in the Constitution.Participation in elections - not just a constitutional right, it is an event requiring the participants of political responsibility.This responsibility for the decisions creates legal and political culture of the elected and the electorate.

Elections can be parliamentary or presidential, general or partial, national or local, one-party, multi-party or non-party, the ordinary or early, altern
ative or non-alternative, direct or indirect.When direct elections of deputies or officials elected by the people.For example, in our country are the direct election of the President of the Russian Federation, the State Duma, representative bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation.When indirect - people elect electors who in turn elect the persons concerned.In the US, citizens elect electors, and they have - the President.

All modern democratic powers hold elections, but not all elections are democratic.Sometimes it involved only one candidate with no alternative.These elections are accompanied by intimidation and falsification.Free and democratic elections are possible with the availability of alternative, freedom of campaigning and freedom of expression of the voters.They must be universal, equal, direct and take place by secret ballot.

hold elective office elected within the time designated in the law, after this period is organized by a new campaign.The outcome of the election campaign based on the results of voting.Therefore, the voting process high demands.Voting booths are equipped in such a way that you can ensure secrecy of the vote.Elected bulletins are issued strictly on presentation of a passport, that it was impossible to vote more than once.Ballot boxes sealed, the results are recorded in the protocol required the presence of independent observers.

Begin elections to nominate candidates.Each candidate must apply to the Commission and to give to the minutes of meetings, and his statement about the desire to run.Then begins the collection of signatures, registration of signature sheets and checking their authenticity.These procedures are required for the initial registration of candidates.

successfully held the collection of signatures - an important but not sufficient basis for registration of a candidate.In addition, it should provide information about the property, income.Further there is a final registration, that is, obtaining certificates of the candidate.Only then permitted election campaign, which includes a pre-election program, press conferences, meetings with voters, visual propaganda, debates, meetings and so on.

day before voting campaign ends.Then go directly to the choices that are made up of voluntary participation, secret voting, vote counting and announcement of the voting results.Every vote is considered equally.A single voice can ensure the success of the candidate.

Once information is delivered to each site in the territorial election commissions.The main purpose of these bodies - control of elections and announcement of results.When the counting of votes, the commission draws up a protocol stating the numbers of the voting results.From these numbers, depending victory or defeat candidates.