value for the collapse of the USSR the socialist camp
Even before perestroika in the Soviet Union, some socialist states such as China embarked on economic and political reforms.Yet the massive changes in the socialist camp exactly in the Gorbachev period in the Soviet Union.Even before the collapse of the USSR united Germany began liberal reforms in Poland and Vietnam.He accelerated the collapse of the USSR and the collapse of the Soviet bloc.Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the European socialist countries held democratic elections and political changes.
socialist system in one form or another since the collapse of the Soviet Union was preserved on
ly in Cuba and North Korea.Both countries have suffered from the collapse of the Soviet bloc, but to varying degrees.The Cuban economy has been in crisis since 1991-1994, - state revenues fell by 30%.
This happened because of the lack of financial assistance from the Soviet Union, as well as due to the disruption of traditional trade links that existed in the socialist camp.Over time, however, the Cuban economy has recovered.This was possible because of the initially soft enough communist regime with the country. further economic reforms in Cuba show a gradual withdrawal of that country from the socialist model.
North Korea had a much heavier.She lost both Soviet and Chinese aid and energy supplies - oil monopoly to sell the Soviet Union.This caused a deep crisis of the transport and industrial sphere, and later in agriculture.According to various estimates, from 500 thousand to half a million Koreans died of starvation during the nineties.
Nevertheless, by two-thousand years the situation in the country improved slightly, largely due to the resumption of Chinese aid and humanitarian assistance from the addition of the United States.At the same time North Korea had developed and preserved natural private enterprise with external rigor of the communist regime.
collapse of the USSR and the capitalist countries
For the US the Soviet collapse was the beginning of the history of the unipolar world - the United States became the only superpower in the political arena.Nevertheless, the place of one political controversy came others - with radical Islam, who had not played a determining role on the world stage.
For European countries the collapse of the Soviet Union and the socialist camp has become an additional opportunity to strengthen European integration.The former Soviet Republic of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia joined the European Union, like most other former socialist countries.
outside the European Union are still some of the countries that emerged after the collapse of socialist Yugoslavia.
Some African countries with pro-Soviet regime lost Soviet support and subsidies.It is also an ally to the conflict with Israel lost the Arab countries.Nevertheless, the world has not become fully unipolar - a greater role in the political arena began to play China, which often opposes the United States making various geopolitical issues.