What is National Socialism
National Socialism - ideological and political movement that originated in the early 20-ies of the last century in Germany as a reaction to the difficult economic situation of the country as a result of the defeat in the First World War.Its founder, Adolf Hitler appealed to the national pride of the Germans, humiliated terms of the Versailles peace treaty, blamed for all the ills of the world Zionism and sold him the German industrialists and wanted to return to the golden age of Germany, which took place in the time of the Nibelungen - the royal dynasty that ruled one of the German states in the XIIcentury.Legends, composed of the wealth and power of the Nibelungs, inclined to mysticism Hitler perceived as historical documents and a guide to action.
tool rebirth of the German nation, Hitler and his followers did the Nazis - the idea of the superiority of the German nation over others.When the party in an election won a majority of seats in the Reichstag (German parliament), the purity of German blood became protected by law.Marriages with Untermensch (representatives of inferior races) were banned.Economic and political benefits were to be distributed only among the Germans, other nations had to work and die in the name of the master race.Particularly affected the Jews, became the first victims of the Nazi Third Reich.
As Germany itself was good enough to return to the golden age, another part of National Socialism became militarism - a constant military buildup and the willingness to tackle controversial issues from the standpoint of strength.Every German had to become excellent soldier, every woman - to be able to please the weary soldier.
Achieving power, Hitler promised a fair distribution of public goods between the Germans.Taking advantage of the popularity of social-democratic and communist ideas in Germany in the early XX century, he introduced in the name of his party the word "socialism".This did not mean the rejection of private ownership of the means of production and the nationalization of large enterprises belonging to the German industrialists, etc. ideologist of the NSDAP, Joseph Goebbels said: "Socialism - this grain to lure the bird in a cage."
Fascism - a political system, proclaiming absolute primacy of the state over the individual, the installation on the primacy of the ruling ideology, the prohibition of dissent and denial of many basic human rights.In one form or another fascist regimes existed and exist in many countries: the regime of Mussolini in Italy, Rivera and Franco in Spain, Codreanu in Romania, Salazar in Portugal, Pinochet in Chile, etc.The term is derived from the word "fascia" - a bundle, bundle.
similarity between National Socialism and fascism
common features of these systems are the ideas of the total state control over all aspects of society and the individual (totalitarianism) and the subordination of the interests of the individual interests of the state and authoritarianism - unconditional subordination of the head of state and the prohibitioncriticism of his actions. «One nation, one state, one Fuhrer" - so authoritarian principle was formulated in the Third Reich.
difference between National Socialism and fascism
In contrast to National Socialism, Nazism is not a necessary component of fascism.For instance, in fascist Italy, anti-Semitic laws were passed only under pressure from Hitler and nominally existed.Were Nazi regime of Salazar, Franco, Pinochet.