«The decisions of the XXII Congress - in life!»
formal decision to rename the newly rebuilt Stalingrad in Volgograd was made of the CPSU "at the request of the workers," November 10, 1961 - after only a week and a half after the Moscow XXII Congress of the Communist Party.But in fact, it was quite logical for the time extension of the ensuing party forum on the main anti-Stalin campaign.The apotheosis of which was a secret from the people, and even most of the games are removed from the
body of Stalin Mausoleum.And hasty reburial now former and not the terrible secretary general at the Kremlin wall - the dead of night, without mandatory in such cases, speeches, flowers, honor and salute.
curious that taking such a state decision, declare the necessity and importance of personally from the rostrum of the Congress, no one dared to Soviet leaders.Including Heads of State and Party Nikita Khrushchev."Voiced" leadership instructed the humble opinion of party officials, Secretary of the Leningrad party Ivan Spiridonov, soon happily sacked.
One of the many decisions of the CC, designed to definitively eliminate the consequences of the so-called cult of personality, was, and renaming of all settlements, previously named after Stalin - Ukrainian Stalino (now - Donetsk), Tajikistani Stalinabad (Dushanbe), the Georgian-Ossetian Staliniri (Tskhinvali), the German Stalinshtadta (Eisenhüttenstadt), Russian Stalinsk (Novokuznetsk) and the hero-city of Stalingrad.The latter was not the historical name of Tsaritsyn, and, without further ado, was named after the river flowing into it - Volgograd.Perhaps it was due to the fact that the Tsarina could remind people not so old times of the monarchy.
The decision of party leaders did not affect even the historical fact that from the past to present, passed and survived to this day the name of the key in the Great Patriotic War, the Battle of Stalingrad.And the whole world calls the city where it took place at the turn of 1942 and 1943's, it was Stalingrad.While stressing not the names of the late Generalissimo and Commander in Chief, and truly a steel courage and heroism defending the city and defeat the fascists Soviet soldiers.
not in honor of kings
The earliest historical mention of the city on the Volga, dated July 2, 1589.And his first name became Tsarina.The views of historians on this subject, by the way, differ.Some of them believe that it comes from the Turkic word combination Sarah Chin (translated - Yellow Island).Others point to the fact that not far from the border settlements Strelets sixteenth century a river queen.But they both agreed on one thing: the queen, and indeed to the monarchy, the name has no special relationship.Consequently, Stalingrad in 1961 and could well return to the original name.
historical documents of early Soviet times indicate that the initiator rename Tsaritsin Stalingrad, what happened April 10, 1925, he was not the Joseph Stalin and some of the smaller Communist senior level, and ordinary residents of the city, impersonal public.Like, so workers and intellectuals wanted to thank "Dear Iosif Vissarionovich" for participation in the defense of Tsaritsyn during the Civil War.They say that Stalin learned about the initiative of the citizens after the fact, if expressed on this subject, even displeasure.The decision of the City Council, however, he did not cancel.And soon there were thousands of Soviet settlements streets, football teams and companies named "Great Leader."
Tsaritsyn and Stalingrad
A few decades after Stalin's name disappeared from the Soviet cards, seemingly forever, in Russian society and in the Volgograd broke discussion about whether to return the historical name of the city?And if so, which of the previous two?Have contributed in the ongoing process of discussion and debate, even Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin, at a different time to offer the citizens to express their views on this issue in the referendum and promised to consider it necessary.And the first to do it on Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, the second - at a meeting with veterans of the Great Patriotic War in France.
On the eve of the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Stalingrad to the local Duma deputies surprised.Taking into account, according to them, veterans of numerous requests, they decided six days in a year is considered Volgograd Stalingrad.These memorable events at the local level have become law:
February 2 - the day of final victory in the Battle of Stalingrad;
May 9 - Victory Day;
June 22 - the Day of the Great Patriotic War;
August 23 - Day of Remembrance of the bloodiest bombing of the city;
September 2 - Day of the end of World War II;
November 19 - Day of the defeat of the Nazis at Stalingrad.